Radio Jona

Wir sind ein Gospel Radio in der Umgebung Effretikon, Illnau, Kempthal und so weiter...auf bis bern.......

Freitag, Dezember 31, 2004

FALLSCHIRMSPRINGEN WELTMEISTERSCHAFT


CISM
Weltmeisterschaft im Fallschirmspringen
Die Weltmeisterschaft
Programm
Teilnehmer
Ergebnisse
Aktuelles
Presseaussendungen
Fotogalerie
Kontakt
Info for Participants
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Themenauswahl Abfangjäger Abzeichen Adressen Archivservice Aktuelle Informationen Audioarchiv Auslandseinsätze Ausschreibungen Berufsinformation Bundesheer im Kosovo Facts & Figures Forschung & Wissenschaft Formularservice Fotoarchiv Geschichte Gesetze Heeresgeschichtl. Museum Jagdkommando Landstreitkräfte Lehrlingsausbildung Links Luftstreitkräfte Milizservice Militärakademie Militär International Militärseelsorge Newsletter bestellen Offiziersausbildung Organisation Presseaussendungen Publikationen Reformkommission 2010 Regionaler Zugang Rekruten Soldatin Sport im Bundesheer Unteroffiziersausbildung Veranstaltungen Waffen und Gerät Waffengattungen Zeitschrift Milizinfo Zeitschrift ÖMZ Zeitschrift TRUPPENDIENST



Informationssystem desBundesministeriums für Landesverteidigung
Weltmeisterschaft im Fallschirmspringen - Info for Participants

Participants
Schedule
Eligibility
Composition of Teams
Points of Arrival/Departure
Conditions of Stay
Dress
Anti Doping Control
Medical Treatment
Required Items
Safety Regulations
Points of Contact
Downloads


Participants
Argentina
Austria
Belarus
Belgium
Brazil
Canada
China
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Hungary
Italy
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Latvia
Lithuania
Morocco
Oman
Poland
Rep. of Korea
Romania
Russia
Sweden
Switzerland
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Thailand
Turkey
U.S.A.
UAE
Ukraine


Schedule
09 Aug 2004 - Monday:
Arrival of the Missions, Registration, Training, Team Leader Meeting
10 Aug 2004 - Tuesday:
Preliminary Meeting, Training (Competition), Opening Ceremony
11 Aug 2004 - Wednesday:
Competition
12 Aug 2004 - Thursday:
Competition
13 Aug 2004 - Friday:
Competition
14 Aug 2004 - Saturday:
Competition
15 Aug 2004 - Sunday:
Competition
16 Aug 2004 - Monday:
Competition
17 Aug 2004 - Tuesday:
Competition
18 Aug 2004 - Wednesday:
Reserve Day/Cultural Day
19 Aug 2004 - Thursday:
Competition, Closing Ceremony, Closing Banquet
20 Aug 2004 - Friday:
Departure of Missions



EligibilityCompetitors must be military personnel on active duty in the Armed Forces of their respective country with an up-to-date military identity card in accordance with CISM Regulation 4.8.2 (Participation - Species).


Composition of Teams1 Chief of Mission 1 Team Leader 1 FAI / CISM Judge 1 Video/Cameraman 5 Athletes (male) 5 Athletes (female)
Every Team has to include a Judge. ?No Judge ? No Team?. For support please contact PTC Parachuting.


Points of Arrival/DepartureBy civil plane: Vienna International Airport By military plane: Military Airport LangenlebarnBy train: Railwaystation St. PöltenBy bus or car: Raab - Kaserne, Krems/ Mautern


Conditions of StayA. During their stay in Austria from 09 - 20 August the missions will be guests of the Austrian MoD. Board and lodging will be provided by the organizer free of charge. The costs for board and lodging for additional personnel travelling with the missions are to be paid by the latter. B. Extra expenses, including laundry, telephone, telegrams, fax, drinks etc., must be paid by the consumer. C. Expenses before 09 August and after 20 August must be covered by the respective mission. D. Additional persons will not be accepted by the organization without explicit written request by the Chief of Delegation of the respective country and under condition of the written agreement of the Chief of the Austrian Delegation.



DressMilitary dress for the official ceremonies especially for the Opening Ceremony and the Price Giving Ceremony is requested.


Anti Doping ControlAnti-doping control will be made in accordance with international and CISM regulations.


Medical TreatmentForeign soldiers who participate in the World Championship may, in case of injury or illness, receive first aid free of charge in military medical institutions. The cost of received first aid in civilian medical institutions or the cost of further treatment, be it in military or civilian institutions, is to be paid back by the home country of the respective individual.


Required ItemsAll teams have to provide the following items: A. National Anthem recorded on tape or CD.B. All purpose country flag approximately 3´*5´ or 0,9 * 1,52 m.C. Flag standard 7ft or 2,10 m in length.


Safety RegulationsThe use of the "AAD" is recommended. Chiefs of Mission have to sign a waiver of their nation's liability for any damage that might occur during the jump.


Points of ContactAddress of the organizer and the co-ordinator:
CISM Office Austria BMLV/FGG 7/AusbAAmtsdirektor Andreas Pircher Roßauer Lände 1 , A-1090 WienTel.: +43 1 5200 24 735Fax: +43 1 5200 17 180E-mail: fgg7.ausba@bmlv.gv.atE-mail: cism.chief.autdel@aon.at
Kommando 3. PanzergrenadierbrigadeMajor Gerhard LugerTel.: +43 0 2732805 2500Fax: +43 0 2732805 1701E-mail: 3pzgrenbrig@bmlv.gv.at


Downloads
Info File


Final Entry Form


Parachuting Regulations


Parachuting Records


Video Clip (rm-Format, 10.1 MB)



Impressum: Eigentümer und HerausgeberBundesministerium für LandesverteidigungRoßauer Lände 1, 1090 WienKontaktaufnahme

KURZWELLEN-SHORTWAVE BROADCASTS DX NEWS

WORLDWIDE DX CLUB Top News(last week)
compiled by Wolfgang BüschelDecember 21st, 2004 (BC-DX #695)
AUSTRIA Intermedia/Das Medienmagazin by Wolf Harranth OE1WHC
- re-appears?
Wir muessen mit unseren Moeglichkeiten - sowohl den finanziellen als auch
dem Zeitbudget - haushalten: Die Anforderungen explodieren, die
Bereitschaft zu taetiger Mitarbeit bleibt allenfalls konstant. Da aber
unsere Bitte um Hilfe beim Aufbau eines Netzwerks in Deutschland zur
Uebernahme und Weiterleitung angebotenen Materials so rasch und so positiv
erfuellt wurde, haben wir (hoffentlich!) wieder ein bisschen Luft und
kommen einen Schritt weiter in der Planung:
Wir ueberlegen, ab Jahresanfang Intermedia/Das Medienmagazin wieder
aufleben zu lassen. Die Konzeption unterscheidet sich allerdings in
einigen Punkten vom ROI-Standard:
- Es wird ein eigener Webspace eingerichtet, die Ausgaben kommen als .MP3
und/oder RealAudio zum Download. Rebroadcaster "Air/Sat/Online" werden zur
Uebernahme kompletter Ausgaben oder einzelner Beitraege eingeladen.
- Wie haeufig und ob nach einem exakten Schema die Ausgaben ins Netz
kommen, haengt von unser Kapazitaet, der Akzeptanz und der Aufbringung der
erforderlichen Geldmittel ab. "Hier geht es nicht um Honorare fuer die
Gestalter, sondern um Studio-, Leitungs- und Lizenzkosten,
Urheberrechtsabgaben u. dgl."
- Die Gestaltung erfolgt nicht primaer nach journalistischen
Gesichtspunkten im Sinne einer optimalen Hoererbetreung (wie bei ROI); es
ist vielmehr vorgesehen, die aktuellen Neuzugaenge zum Audio-Archiv mit
einer knappen Anmoderation anzubieten, wichtige Meldungen weiterzugeben
und allenfalls den Rest der Zeit "oder sogar komplette Ausgaben" mit einem
Remix aus frueheren IM-Programmen zu gestalten.
- Dem entsprechend wird auch die thematische Bandbreite groesser (alles,
was das "Funkwesen" betrifft), wollen wir zwar bei breaking nx oder
Exklusiv-Vereinbarungen tagesaktuell sein, nicht aber nach dem Vorbild des
DX-Telegramms.
- Beitraege von Hoerern, Hobbyfreunden etc. sind natuerlich willkommen -
eine der Zielsetzungen ist ja, das Audio-Archiv auszubauen, das derzeit
auf eigenen Mitschnitten und relativ wenigen Zuspielungen besteht -, eine
Verpflichtung zur Wiedergabe einlangender Beitraege besteht jedoch nicht.
Anregungen und Kommentare von Listenteilnehmern, auch kritische
Bemerkungen, sind willkommen, sofern sie in jenem Umgangston gehalten
sind, der frueher einmal unsere Hobbygemeinschaft ausgezeichnet hat, und
nicht in jenem Jargon, dem wir unser schlechtes Image bei manchen
Rundfunkanstalten verdanken, und der in zunehmendem Mass leider auch in
dieser Liste anzutreffen ist.
"Ich will eigentlich nicht als ewiger Moralapostel, Schulmeister und
Besserwisser auftreten, aber vielleicht gibt mir manche(r)
Listenteilnehmer(in) nach pruefendem Rueckblick auf die Schwerpunkte und
die Tonart der letzten Wochen Recht. Und ehe nun jemand spotant
protestiert: Ich trete selbstverstaendlich dafuer ein, dass jede(r)
jederzeit alles Hobbybezogene in diese Liste posten duerfen soll - aber
eben stets im Bewusstsein, dass man dabei sich selbst - und - das Hobby
oeffentlich praesentiert."
73 de Wolf OE1WHC, (A-DX Dec 15)
BELGIUM Frans Vossen auch in Vorruhestand?
Wird damit wieder ein Mann der DX Szene still und leise abtreten?
Ich werde seine eigene Art, den leichten Plauderton vermissen.
(wb, Dec 19)
Also missed RVI English DX program "Radio World" on Sundays at 0800 UT
1512/5965 {latter DTK Juelich site relay] for the second time, maybe
editor Frans Vossen is ill again? Only Flemish mx played {as a program
filler}.
{Frans is on Carribean holiday trip, see below.} (wb, BC-DX Dec 12)
Well, there is a script for the Dec 12 program on the website,
consisting of
ADXB-OE airchecks of Anguilla and Bahamas, but since they changed the
archiving, demanding a WM 9 player, I cannot hear them.
(Glenn Hauser-OK-USA, dxld Dec 14)
Also missed RVI English DX program on Sundays at 0800 UT". The program is
repeated Mondays at 0800 UT, not Sundays.
(Erik Koie, Copenhagen-DEN, dxld Dec 18)
But on some occasions it was at 0800 on both Sun and Mon (gh, DXLD)
To the introduction of Radio World last Sunday, Frans Vossens writes to me
that he presently is on vacation, and continues: "However, it looks as if
I will be sent away on early retirement at the end of March, so I will not
be downgraded to a writer of internet nx items. I will be 63 in February.
I would have liked to carry on until 2007, but as a radio man, not in
these circumstances. There still is a faint hope that we might be rescued,
but it's REALLY faint..." (Erik Koie, Copenhagen-DEN, dxld Dec 18)
RVI English "Radio World" missed on Dec 19, but:
The script for the December 19 edition is now up at

The last sentence: "Based on the alphabetical order, guess where we're
going next week. Costa Rica, that`s right."
(John Norfolk-USA, dxld Dec 20)
BRAZIL 9665 R Nac do Brasil in Port, played lovely mx, overmodulated,
55555 +40 dB scheduled Sundays 0400-0700, but stopped program at 0638
UT with final ID annmt, tx s-off around 0645 UT.
11815 R Brasil Goiania, Portug romantic songs, 0730 UT, 23332.
(wb, BC-DX Dec 19)
BULGARIA 9680 / 15650 Christian Vision towards Africa heard now daily
on 9680 kHz at 1800-2000 UT via Sofia Kostinbrod site. Address in
Daressalam East Africa given. Similar registration noted for 15650 kHz at
1600-1800 UT in direction of West Africa, but nothing heard here in CeEUR.
(wb, BC-DX Dec 19)
BURKINA FASO 5030 Mixture of RTV Burkina playing typical Saharan music,
and mit University Network Cahuita Costa Rica Radio in English. around
0645-0700. 32322.
At same time 7125 Guinea and Bamako Mali 7284.89 kHz. (wb, BC-DX Dec 19)
5030, Radio Burkina, at 2140-2232 on Dec 18, lively highlife mx program
hosted by a man with French talks. ID by a woman at 2200 followed by the
news. Sports at 2214 followed by another mx program at 2216. Fair to good
signal. (Rich D'Angelo-PA-USA, BC-DX Dec 19)
CHINA B-04 for China Radio International via Urumchi (URU):
1800-1857 6010 500 kW / 308 deg Chaozhou
1600-1757 6040 500 kW / 308 deg Russian
1900-1957 6145 500 kW / 308 deg Romanian
1500-1557 6165 500 kW / 258 deg Persian
1600-1657 6165 500 kW / 270 deg Turkish
1500-1557 6180 500 kW / 308 deg Russian
1500-1557 7115 500 kW / 212 deg Hindi
1730-1827 7120 500 kW / 308 deg Chinese
2130-2157 7120 500 kW / 308 deg Hungarian
2200-2257 7120 500 kW / 308 deg Spanish
1900-1957 7150 500 kW / 308 deg Czech
2000-2057 7150 500 kW / 308 deg Polish
1500-1557 7160 500 kW / 212 deg English
1730-1827 7160 500 kW / 270 deg Chinese
2000-2027 7180 500 kW / 308 deg Serbian
1800-1857 7190 500 kW / 308 deg Russian
2030-2227 7200 500 kW / 308 deg French
1300-1357 7265 500 kW / 212 deg Hindi
1600-1757 7265 500 kW / 308 deg Russian
1830-1857 7265 500 kW / 308 deg Bulgarian
1900-1927 7265 500 kW / 308 deg Albanian
1930-2027 7265 500 kW / 308 deg Esperanto
2030-2127 7265 500 kW / 308 deg Italian
0000-0157 7345 500 kW / 308 deg English
1830-2027 7350 500 kW / 270 deg French
0300-0357 9590 500 kW / 308 deg Chinese
1800-1957 9615 500 kW / 308 deg German
1800-1857 9670 500 kW / 258 deg Persian
1730-1827 9685 500 kW / 308 deg Chinese
1600-1657 9690 500 kW / 212 deg Hindi
2100-2157 9725 500 kW / 270 deg Arabic
1930-2027 9745 500 kW / 308 deg Esperanto
1600-1657 9770 500 kW / 212 deg Hakka
1700-1757 9770 500 kW / 212 deg Cantonese
1400-1457 9795 500 kW / 308 deg English
1700-1757 9795 500 kW / 308 deg Russian
2000-2157 9855 500 kW / 308 deg English
1900-1927 9860 500 kW / 308 deg Hungaraian
1400-1457 11765 500 kW / 212 deg English
1200-1357 13790 500 kW / 308 deg English
0600-0757 15245 500 kW / 308 deg German
0600-0757 17720 500 kW / 308 deg German
B-04 China Radio International via Qiqighar(QIQ):
1700-2057 6100 500 kW / 304 deg English
(R BUL Observer, Ivo Ivanov and Angel Datzinov, via BC-DX Dec 20)
CONGO 5985 Radio Congo on Dec 13 at 1946 UT. Talk by OM in presumed
Lingala, occasional brief mxal interludes with distinctively Congolese
guitar mx, dominant over WYFR sign on at 2000 UT, ID "Radio Congo" at
2001, into nx by YL.
(Ralph Brandi-NJ-USA, DXplorer Dec 16)
CROATIA 1134 Very strong winds with speeds over 220 km/h had caused
damages on two of 4 antenna masts in Zadar. They have damaged base
insulators. Unfortunately power distribution is coming from tx and later
being distributed through one of them. Base insulators are ordered from
RIZ factory which delivered and installed those antenna mast at begining
of this year. We are expecting to start txion during next week with omni
antenna system and two weeks later with directional antenna system as it
was before this storm.
In mean time tx Deanovec 100 kW is tuned from 1125 to 1134 kHz instead,
because our listeners are usually on this freq because 600 kW tx site in
Zadar has better reception in Europe. Waiting for insulators is quicker
way how to start txion again, instead doing complex bypass through mast 1
and tuning one of good antenna mast to receive power of 600 kW with proper
impedance matching. Thanks for your letter.
(Nikola Percin, 9A5W HRT - Technical Director via BC-DX Nov 25)
Noted active on both freqs again on 12 December (OA)
CUBA 11760 RHC Sunday Esperanto 0700-0727 UT replaced 9550 by
11760(+adjacent UTE QRM). (wb, BC-DX Dec 19)
R. Habana Cuba has another nice mx show Cancionero Iberoamericano, Sat
1430-1445, including calypso in English, on 9550, 11760, 11800, 12000;
poor on 6000, 15230; why doesn't RHC do any English in the morning, before
2030? Takes censors all day to approve programming?
(Glenn Hauser-USA, WoR Dec 17)
CZECH REP R Prague may carry its programmes in English and German on
longwave in the future. In answer to a listener's question on Sunday's
Mailbox programme, Radio Prague Dir Miroslav Krupicka said:
"It is not reality at this moment but we are considering going on longwave
in English and German. It's a longwave that is used by a domestic channel
of Czech Radio, Czech Radio 1 - Radiozurnal, which broadcasts on the FM
network and on longwave [270 kHz, 750 kW]. We are in talks with this
station to give us a certain space on longwave in order for us to be heard
beyond the border of the Czech Rep in, say, Germany, Austria and Poland
because longwave travels further than medium wave, for instance, or FM, so
we would be heard in Central and Eastern Europe on longwave quite well.
Of course, this is an addition to SW broadcasting. We are always on SW, we
will stay on SW, but in addition we are looking for tools in order to be
heard both in the Czech Rep and in CeEurope. In the Czech Rep we are
currently on FM in Prague in English, this is a sce for tourists, people
visiting the Czech Rep, businessmen and so on. It's quite appreciated by
the audience from what I have heard. And to expand on longwave would be
quite nice, so we are working on it, but it is not yet reality."
(RNW MN NL Andy Sennitt via dxld Dec 15)
ECUADOR/AUSTRALIA HCJB Japanese Xmas Special via Ecuador and Australia,
details below. HCJB Christmas Special.
Dear radio friends,
Mr. Ozaki of HCJB Japanese Program informed us the special txion in
Japanese lang will be made for this Christmas.
Time in UTC:
December 24, 2200-2300 17640 kHz from Ecuador with 250 kW TX.
December 25, 0000-0100 15525 kHz from Australia with 100 kW TX.
Reception report will be verified by specially designed QSL card.
Your report should be sent to transmitted country with 1 IRC.
Ecuador: HCJB, Casilla 17-17-691, Quito, Ecuador
Australia: HCJB, P.O. Box 691, Melbourne, Vic., Australia 3001.
Wishing you good DXing and Merry Christmas.
(Toshi Ohtake-JPN, JPN Short Wave Club. via DXplorer Dec 20)
FRANCE At 0830 UT Radio Orient, Nice 1350 kHz (?10 kW) again on equal
level like France 603 792 1206, and 1242 Khz. I don't believe that low
power registration entry for 1350 kHz. At least 150 kW according to signal
level in Southern Germany.
Olle, is that coming from RMC Fontbonne mountain site now ? Cape Antibes
site closed some two years ago. (wb, BC-DX Dec 19)
Yes, Fontbonne, just like 1557. See

with pictures of the new mediumwave antenna there under construction.
(Kai Ludwig-D, BC-DX Dec 19) [?antenna combination 1350/1557 kHz? wb.]
GABON 4777 R Gabon on Dec 12 still in there at 0625 to 0641 UT with S3
signals _ mostly talking in French, ocnl short mx segment. This would have
been much better around 0530. 15-min recording. Tonight was good for
Africans ... thanks to Guy Atkins for heads up on West Coast opening!
(Bruce W. Churchill-CA-USA, Cumbre Dec 15)
4777 Radio Gabon on Dec 14 at 0550 UT. Time check, ID "Republique du
Gabon, Radio Nationale" at 0551, mx (Congolese-style guitar), another ID
at 0558, R&B song in English, ID "Radio Gabon" at 0600, into news, canned
ID by YL at 0602, mentions of Libreville, more IDs throughout news; audio
somewhat distorted; signal weaker by 0610.
(Ralph Brandi-NJ-USA, DXplorer Dec 16)
GERMANY Freq change for Gospel For Asia via WER 250 kW 090 deg to SoEaAs
1530-1630 NF 9460 (55555), ex13590.
(R BUL Observer, Ivo Ivanov and Angel Datzinov, via BC-DX Dec 20)
11810, Minivan R, via Juelich, at 1625-1700* on Nov 23, Dhivehi talks,
Maldivian folksongs, QRM Russian on 11805, 32342.#
(Anker Petersen-DEN, dswci DXW Dec 15)
SW transmissions of "Hamburg Local Radio".
5925 kHz JUL-D 100 kW Sat Dec 25th 2004 1000-1600 UT.
5925 kHz JUL-D 100 kW Sat Jan 1st 2005 1000-1600 UT.
9290 kHz ULB-LVA 100 kW Sun Jan 2nd 2005 1300-1500 UT.
6045 kHz JUL-D 100 kW every Sat 1000-1100 UT.
Kommende Kurzwellensendungen des Hamburger Lokalradios.
Am kommenden Samstag, 25.12.2004 senden wir von 1000-1600 Uhr UT auf der
Kurzwelle 5925 kHz.
Diese Frequenz benutzt das HLR auch am Samstag, 1. Januar 2005 zur
gleichen Zeit. Auch dann gibt es eine sechstuendige Sondersendung.
Ausgestrahlt werden diese Sendungen ueber T-Systems in Juelich mit einer
Sendeleistung von 100 kW.
Alle Berichte werden mit einer Sonder-QSL-Karte bestaetigt, wenn
Rueckporto beigefuegt wird.
Ein weiteres Testprogramm laeuft ueber Riga auf KW 9290 kHz am Sonntag, 2.
Januar 2005 von 1300-1500 Uhr UT.
Auch ueber diese Sendung sind Empfangsberichte erwuenscht.
Das HLR erreicht man per Post unter
address
Hamburger Lokalradio - Kulturzentrum LOLA, D-21031 Hamburg, Germany.
E-Mail:
Michael
Das Hamburger Lokalradio sendet seit November 2004 jeden Samstag von 1000-
1100 Uhr UT auf 6045 kHz, also auf Kurzwelle.
(Carsten Albrecht-D, A-DX Dec 21)
Schedule of Pan American Broadcasting using SW txs of T-Systems in
Germany.
We kindly would like to inform you about the schedule of Pan American
Broadcasting using SW txs of T-Systems in Germany:
Target Middle East:
Saturdays 1400-1430 UTC 13820 kHz "Sedayeh Mohebat - World Radio"
Saturdays 1445-1500 UTC 13820 kHz "David's Mighty Men Evangelism Team"
Sundays 1500-1515 UTC 13820 kHz "Waymarks"
Sundays 1530-1545 UTC 13820 kHz "Victory thru Truth"
starting 02.Jan 2005
Sundays 1545-1600 UTC 13820 kHz "God Speaks Today"
Sundays 1600-1630 UTC 13820 kHz "Bible Says"
Target India:
Sundays 0030-0045 UTC 5945 kHz "Bold Bible Living"
Sundays 1430-1445 UTC 13820 kHz "Banner of Truth"
starting 02. Jan 2005
Target Moskau Russia:
Wednesdays 1630-1645 UTC 6015 kHz "A Brighter Day Ministries"
starting 05. Jan 2005
Please feel free to forward this schedule to anyone and DX Clubs whom you
like.
Any reception report would be highly appreciated. Feel free to send it
directly to PAB under:
and under CC to
Ralf Weyl, T-Systems, Regional MediaBroadcast Cologne.
Address: Merscher Hoehe, D-52428 Juelich, Germany
Internet:
(via Mike Bethge-D WWDXC-GER, Dec 17)
440 kHz. Good Nx for 2005. DI2AG by DJ2LF on MF 440 kHz.
Dear friends,
last week I got a permission to operate a MW-transmitter from the German
RegTP (Regulierungsbehoerde fuer Telekommunikation und Post). It will be
used for studies of progagation and testing modern receiving modes.
Some data: Frequency 440 kHz, bandwidth 200 Hz, max. power 9W ERP.
Call DI2AG (the DI-prefixes are for test and research only, therefore this
is no hamradio application). Modes A1A, A1B, F1B, G1B. Location JN59NO.
The permission is valid in 2005. The TX will be operated as a beacon,
QRSS3 prefered, with a text like "DI2AG JN59NO 1W". This will be repeated
in normal CW.
I would be glad to receive your reports like date / time from - to /
report in uV/m or dB below noise or similar / remarks / by e-mail.
Screenshots appreciated.
The QRSS-frequency will be 440.044 kHz, I hope there will not be other
lines. Please send your mails to or
I'll try to get , too.
Please prepare your equipment for 440 kHz. At 1.1.05 00.01 MEZ [Dec 31,
2301 UT] the big switch will be turned from red to green. I'll keep you
informed.
73 Walter Staubach-D, DJ2LF
(Thomas M. Roesner dl8aam, via A-DX Dec 17)
Browsing the Telefunken website brought up that they installed a new 100
kW tx at Deutschlandradio's Berlin-Britz site already in summer 2003.
Frequency not mentioned, but this appears to be the new main tx for 990
kHz.
T-Systems ordered new txs for Deutschlandradio sces: For longwave 2 x 500
kW, for mediumwave 1 x 100 kW, 1 x 200 kW, 2 x 800 kW. Delivery and
installation are provided for 2005/2006. No further details given, so one
can only guess about the destinations of the mediumwave equipment. A
single 800 kW is meant for Braunschweig/Koenigslutter of course, and
probably the mention of 2 x 800 kW in fact just describes this very pair
of TRAM400 txs since I have no idea where else 800 kW could be used
[Heusweiler 1422? wb.]. 100 and 200 kW would match the 549 sites
(Nordkirchen and Thurnau-Tannfeld, respectively).
Some details about the new (rather: refurbished) 177 kHz antenna at
Zehlendorf: antenna/dr m_and_lw-antenna.html>
I think the 153 antenna at Donebach has a quite narrow bandwith as well,
also resulting in the muffled-sounding modulation? If so a new tx alone
wouldn't make the facility DRM-ready... ("As well" referring to the
triangular hammock used for 177 during the nineties which had to be
replaced by the main mast again because it's bandwith was insufficient for
DRM operation.) (Kai Ludwig-D, BC-DX Nov 29)
Zehlendorf 693 is tonight on with Voice of Russia in DRM simulcast mode. I
can confirm it now at 2210 UT as audible in ordinary AM reception mode.
The program feed is presumably the same than on 603 kHz, but that's
impossible to verify from my location.
(Kai Ludwig-D, BC-DX Dec 20)
GUYANA 3291.17 GBC, on Dec 13 at 0958, prayer ending "Answers To Lifes
Questions" religious program brought to you by the Central Baptist Church
of Georgetown. 1000 time pips, ID into news. Booming signal with +20dB
over peaks.
(Marc Mohrmann-VT-USA, DXplorer Dec 16)
INDIA A 20 kW MW Radio Station at Sambalpur has already been upgraded to
100 kW MW Station to provide adequate radio coverage in Sambalpur and
neighbouring districts of Sundargarh, Jharsuguda, Sonapur, Bolangir and
Bauda. No proposal for setting up of additional AIR Stations has been
received by All India Radio from the Orissa Govt in the recent past.
The existing 50 kW Short Wave Transmitter at Jeypore in Orissa provides
coverage to the entire state of Orissa. Shortwave signals are not prone to
obstruction like hills, hillocks etc.
This information was given by Minister of Information & Broadcasting and
Culture, Shri S. Jaipal Reddy in written reply to a question in Rajya
Sabha today. (Govt of India, PIB Website).
(Alokesh Gupta-IND, DXindia Dec 14)
INDONESIA 4925 RRI Jambi very regular. Started as extended coverage for
Indo evenings, but didn't stop with end of Ramadan. Hrd it yesterday. Hold
on a moment. Its is 1210 UT I'll check it. Yes, its up and running. 1300
UT nice time check Pukul Dua Puloh Waktu INS Barath, into Radio Business"
and still on at 1315 UT.
(Victor Goonetilleke-CLN 4S7VK, DXplorer Dec 15)
4604.96 RRI Serui on Dec 9th at 1331-1341 UT. 34443 INSn, Jakarta nx
realy. ID at 1335. Talk. (Kouji Hashimoto-JPN, JPNpremium Dec 18)
4925 RRI Jambi 1403 dangdut songs, and phone ins by OM. Signal was
marginal but between 1410 and 1425 signal was fair so that Degen 1102
could easily copy the signal outdoors!
(Zacharias Liangas-GRC, JPNpremium Dec 6)
3976, KALIMANTAN, RRI Pontianak, at 1111-1137 on Dec 18, INSn, Continous
Indo ballads, IS-? loop at 1129 UT (4 piano notes), announcer at 1130 thru
t/out. Poor but audible under constant USB chatter. Been a while since
I've heard this one.
(Scott R Barbour-NH-USA, hcdx Dec 18)
3976.06 RRI Pontianak at 1341-1405. M&W ancrs chatting with crowd noise in
background; occasional short excerpts of Christmas standards, including
"Rockin' Around the Christmas Tree" and "Feliz Navidad"; at 1354 an
interesting Indo version of "Silent Night"; local instrumental mx at 1358
was followed by local 5-note IS; into more talk at 1400. Good signal with
QRM from ARO weather net on 3977. (John Wilkins-CO-USA, Cumbre Dec 19)
ISRAEL Here is an update regarding the Israel Radio shortwave situation.
The IBA has ruled that that the Director General did not have the
authority on his own to end shortwave transmission.
At a meeting it was decided to continue SW for one more quarter year
(hence the anomaly of March 31 as the persons involved do not know about
HF frequency schedules). During these weeks the matter of SW transmission
will be referred to a meeting of the Members of the Broadcasting
Authority.
So, SW will continue unchanged for the next 3 months. The two antennas
recently damaged in a storm will be repaired this week. The 2000 UT
transmission on 6280 kHz has been affected and instead of a curtain
antenna at 315 degrees (to Paris, London, New York) it has been on a low
gain Rhombic at 324 degrees (Scandinavia).
(Doni Rosenzweig-USA, dxld Dec 20)
ITALY 693 RAI Milano will conduct DRM tests from January.
(Dario Monferini-I, mwdx Nov 22 via ARC-MVEko)
KOREA D.P.R. VoKorea frequencies in B-04: 621 3250 3560 4405 6185 6285
7100 7140 7180 7570 7580 9325 9335 9345 9650 9730 9850 9990(x9975)
11545(x11535) 11710 11735 12015 13650 13760 15100 15180 15245.
Freqs changes for Voice of Korea:
1500-1755 in Ar/En/Sp NF 9990.1* ex 9975.1 to ME
1500-1755 in Ar/En/Sp NF 11545.1, ex11535.1 to NoAf
* strong co-ch Radio Cairo in Albanian from 1600 UT.
(R BUL Observer, Ivo Ivanov and Angel Datzinov, via BC-DX Dec 20)
11544.94-.99 Voice of Korea (pres), 1745-1758*?, Dec 20; Operatic vocal
mx. Disappeared about 1758. SIO=252 QRM'd briefly by Lollipop tune 1745-
1746+. Possibly // 13760 - very weak. 13760 also off about 1758 but hrd IS
till 1800, then nothing & no het.
(Harold Frodge-MI-USA, Cumbre Dec 20)
Roland from the PHL tells me cl-down time for NoKorean Frontliner Soldiers
Radio on 3025.5 kHz is approx. +/- 1030 UT sign-off.
(Roland Schulze-PHL via wb, BC-DX Dec 15)
KUWAIT IBB-Kuwait verified with QSL letter. QTH: Kuwait Transmitting
Station, c/o American Embassy-Bayan, P.O.Box 77, Safat, 13001 Kuwait,
Kuwait.
(Ishii-JPN, dswci DXW Dec 15)
11835 IBB Kuwait, very nice QSL ltr prepared by the stn, same as rptd
earlier by a Japanese DXer in JSWC. "IBB Kuwait Transmitting Station" at
top, colorful stylized ME scene below, then "Letter of Verification" and
full-data, V/S George O. Miller, Transmitter Plant Supervisor, who also
sent his business card.
Stn address: Kuwait transmitting Stn, c/o American Embassy-Bayan, P.O. Box
77, Safat, 13001 Kuwait. In 2-1/2 months for SAE and mint stamps (both
used). Interesting sidelight: Lightly "stuck" to the back of the envelope
was an unrelated postcard (not from the stn) addressed to someone in
Chicago and postmarked the same day as the IBB envelope. It must have made
the whole trip "piggyback." (I continued it on its journey.)
(Jerry Berg-MA-USA, DXplorer Dec 19)
LAOS 6130, Lao National R, at 1156-1204 on Dec 10, vocals until seven
gongs followed by instrumental mx until a woman began the nx in Laotian
lang. Poor.
(Rich D'Angelo-USA, dswci DXW Dec 15)
7145 Roland Schulze from Pangasinan Mangaldan in the PHL wrote me per
snail mail and reported of Laos broadcasts at 0600-0630 UT portion. But no
language information given so far. 0500-0630 UT on 7145?
(wb, BC-DX Dec 19)
LIBERIA 4759.98 ELWA on Dec 14 at 0614 UT program "Back to the Bible",
ending at 0655, local continuity announcer with time check, commercial for
religious event in Monrovia, Liberia at 0702, mention of Monrovia City
Hall at 0705 UT in another commercial, "Joy to the World" at 0708, "Little
Drummer Boy" at 0710 UT.
(Ralph Brandi-NJ-USA, DXplorer Dec 16)
LIBYA Received, via Registered Mail, a CD from Voice of Africa, entitled
"Welcome to Libya," from the General People's Committee for Tourism. CD
player is down so have not played it yet, but the package is worthwhile
for the stamps, if nothing else. The envelope was plastered with 'em.
Return address on envelope is P.O.Box 4677 or P.O.Box 4396 Tripoli.
(John Wilkins-CO-USA, DXplorer Dec 16)
LUXEMBOURG Luxembourg DRM on 1440 kHz. Just had a phone call from David
Duckworth in Salisbury to say that he is hearing DRM noise on 1440 kHz
from RTL this morning. Also confirmed here from tune-in at 1030 UTC. Its
quite weak at the moment so not causing too much interference to adjacent
channels, but I suspect this could be a problem when the skywave signal
starts to increase... (Dave Kenny-UK, BrDXC Dec 20)
Olle Alm in Sweden heard tests on 1440 kHz during nightime last week.
This morning I intercepted RTL 1440 with a 2 kHz tone at 0200. At 0205 the
signal switched to digital and this went on until 0220, when there was a 5
min break, apparently without carrier, before the digital signal
continued. No RTL ID, but who else could it be? So it seems the new TRAM
tx is already in place and testing. The worst situation now would be if
the owners decide to fill hitherto unused night hours with DRM.
(Olle Alm-SWE, BC-DX Dec 18)
I have tuned to 1440 from time to time today, including such times as
0200, 0330, and not heard any DRM. Obviously they are still in a testing
stage, but considering their activities on 49 mb I fear the worst for
1440, that is DRM at all times when not needed for AM.
(Olle Alm-SWE, BC-DX Dec 20)
Telefunken tx delivers Telefunken will provide BCE's Marnach site (1440
kHz) with a new TRAM/P 600 unit, consisting of two 300 kW txs. The system
can be easily switched between DRM and AM operation. Press release (in
German):
digital_mw.html>
Meanwhile WRN stated on enquiry that for the time being no changes for the
AM txions of CRI on 1440 are planned. (Kai Ludwig-D, BC-DX Nov 29)
Telefunken tx includes DRM-performing Modulator Computer, i.e. three
working modes AM, AM/DRM-Simulcast, and DRM mode. (wb, BC-DX Dec 20)
Today Dec 20th, during daytime was delivery check on RTL 1440 kHz, active
in DRM mode for few hours. DRM mode power is 240 kW.
(Klaus Schneider-D, A-DX Dec 20)
Herr Junk[Jung?] vom BCE schrieb mir vor wenigen Tagen zur Ausstattung in
Marnach dieses:
Hier stehen jetzt 2 Telefunken-Pantel-Sender mit jeweils 600 kW, sowie 2
NEUE Telefunken TRAM-Sender mit je 300 kW. Die maximale HF-Leistung zur
Antenne betraegt 1200 kW.
Die Antennenkonfiguration hat sich nicht geaendert.
(Peter Beck-D, BC-DX Dec 20)
MACEDONIA DRM tests on 810. World record for Digital AM Broadcasting
announced.
International electronics and systems group Thales has announced that a
new world record has been reached in Macedonia for Digital AM
Broadcasting. PE Makedonska Radiodifuzija (MRD), the national public
broadcaster [sic, this is the national tx operator, the country's public
broadcaster is called Makedonska Radio-Televizija (MRT) - BT.] in
collaboration with Thales and Deutsche Welle (DW), succeeded in
transmitting 720 kW mean power in Digital Radio Mondiale (DRM) mode from
the mediumwave station Ovce Pole, the highest DRM power ever broadcast by
a single tx, reaching exceptional coverage and quality of reception.
Transmissions were done on 810 kHz with the Thales' S7HP 1200 kW solid-
state mediumwave analogue tx, in operation at Ovce Pole since its
inauguration in June 2002. For the tests, Thales provided front-end
equipment from its Skywave 2000 DRM Digital Product Line.
The necessary measurements of the signal quality and coverage area were
performed by DW using their measurement van and various fixed control and
measurement centers in Europe. Measurements were carried out twice a day:
3 hours during day time -groundwave propagation- and 3 hours during night
time - skywave propagation- while transmitting the program of Macedonian
Radio. The DW measurement van confirmed a coverage area during daylight of
up to 300 km, whereas by night the DW centers recorded reception over
larger areas of Western Europe. The audio quality was excellent and
disturbance free.
(via Bernd Trutenau-LTU, mwdx Dec 16)
MALI 5995 R Mali 12/13 2100 Indigenous mx, ID by YL at 2101 "Radio
Mali", giving FM frequency, into world sports program "Mondiale Sport" at
2103, talk about soccer tournaments, another ID by YL at 2106.
(Ralph Brandi-NJ-USA, DXplorer Dec 16)
Burkina 7230 was a good S7 signal today around 0808 and in "European"
French [without African accent] and seemed a nx programme. I also checked
the one I had been hearing on 7285. This was actually on about 7284.9 and
almost equal in strength to 7230 - just one S point between them. As far
as I could distinguish, the lang was vernacular - DRM hash [of DW 7265]
made it difficult to be entirely sure - so I suspect this is Mali. But
signal strength is better than I have previously heard them on this
frequency.
Could they be using their 100 kW txer here instread of on 9635? There was
no signal on that frequency, but very tentatively I think I could hear
them on 11960. The signal was fair at best and with splatter from TRT
11955. (Noel R. Green-UK, BC-DX Dec 18)
PAKISTAN 9400 R Pakistan at 1810 UT with Indian songs. ID at 1813 OM
with talks then again Paki pop type song, 34433.
(Zacharias Liangas-GRC, JPNpremium Dec 5)
PHILIPPINES 9570 R. Blagovest via RVA at 1500-1555 on Dec 15. (All in
Russian) - Opening annmt w/carillon accompaniment; Religious pgms at 1501
and 1515, the latter sounding like "Moskva Idim" or similar; xmsn finished
with 10 mins of instrumental mx; closing anmt at 1554 was followed by RVA
English ID at 1555 ID, and then off. Good signal all the way.
(John Wilkins-CO-USA, DXplorer Dec 16)
PNG 3905, R.New Ireland, at 1208-1233 on Dec 17, Vernacular/English,
Local pops/island mx and phone call. up-beat Lionel Richie cover tune
followed by native reggae, ballad and pop mx w/ YL b/w selections until
overtaken by USB traffic at 1233. Fair at t/in.
(Scott R Barbour-NH-USA, hcdx Dec 18)
RUSSIA Kamchatskoye Radio, Dec 02nd, at 1857-1950 UT, 6075 kHz.
1857-1900: regional broadcast of Kamchatskoye Radio.
1900-1910: relay of Radio Rossii: news, weather.
1910- expected to hear "Kamchatka Rybatskaya", but a special program
dedicated to local elections went instead.
SINPO 34322. Some QRM by DW in German, but the fun was even more spoiled
by signal disturbances. Became completely illegible after 1950.
(open_dx - Igor Ashikhmin, Primorskiy kray, RUS via DXsignal Dec 16)
9480, Test of R Tikhiy Okean, received a very nice f/d QSL card and letter
in English from Alexey Giryuk (Technical Dept. Engineer), indicating "In
the nearest future we are planing to be in the air regulary".
Address: TGTRK "Vladivostok", 690950, Vladivostok, Uborevicha st, 20-A,
Russia. In 7 weeks, for e-mail and hard copy of Russian report/$2.
Web site is:
(Ron Howard-CA-USA, dswci DXW Dec 14)
CLAND-ETH The website
shows 'Dejen Radio at 41
mb or 7590 kHz, Saturday at 2 PM Ethiopian time'. Last report I have seen
on this one was 12120 1700-1800 Sats (in Sep 2004.) Anyone know if this is
new or old info?
(Finn Krone-DEN, DXplorer Dec 14)
Site Unknown 7590 TDP Radio on Nov 6 at 2002-2012 UT. 35333 English, 2002
UT sign on. Opening announce. Rock mx.
(Kouji Hashimoto-JPN, JPNpremium Nov 19)
Krasnodar-RUS 100kW 284 deg.
7590 R.V.O.Oromo Liberation Front on Nov 15 at 1700-1729 UT, 35333- 35433
Oromo. 1700 UT sign on with opening mx. ID and opening announce. Theme
song. Talk and local mx.
7590 R.V.O.Oromiyaa on Nov 15 at 1730-1740. 35433 Oromo. 1730 UT sign on
with opening mx. ID and opening announce. Local mx.
Samara-RUS, 250 kW 188deg.
15675 V.O.Liberty on Nov 14 at 0600-0631. 34443 Tigrigna and Arabic, 0600
sign on with opening mx. ID and opening announce. Talk and Eritrean pops
mx. // Sun only.
(Kouji Hashimoto-JPN, JPNpremium Nov 19)
Samara-RUS, 250 kW 188deg.
(wb to Finn Krone-DEN, BC-DX Dec 14)
[Clandestine] 7590, Vo. Oromo Liberation, on 15 Nov at 1700-1730, 55444.
Music and talks. Address in Scarborough-CAN, read at the end.
7590, Radio Sagalee Oromiyaa, on 15 Nov at 1730-1800, 55444. Slightly
deteriorated quality during some mxal pieces, with lots of bass freqs
which made the tx to become a bit overloaded at times.
Obviously came via Russia - right after the program end, some IS of the
VoRussia were heard. Open carrier stayed for a min after 1800.
(Dmitry Mezin-RUS, Cumbre Nov 15)
TDP brokered, via Samara-RUS, 1700-1800 UT, time varies from day to day,
250 kW 188 degr. Oromo Mon 1700-1800. Thur 1700-1730. Tigre Wed 1700-1800.
(wb, BC-DX Nov 15)
Voice of Oromiyaa / Radio Sagalee Oromiyaa
7590 R.V.O.Oromiyaa Nov 15 1730-1740 35433 Oromo, 1730 sign on with
opening mx. . ID and opening announce. Local mx.
(Kouji Hashimoto-JPN Nov 15, in JAP 343)
7590, Radio Sagalee Oromiyaa, 15 Nov, 1730-1800, SINPO 55444. Slightly
deteriorated quality during some mxal pieces, with lots of bass freqs
which made the tx to become a bit overloaded at times. Obviously came via
Russia - right after the program end, some IS of the Voice of Russia were
heard. Open carrier stayed for a min after 1800.
(Dmitry Mezin-RUS Nov 15, in Cumbre)
Voice of Oromo Liberation Front
9820, Voice of Oromo Liberation, 1700-1730, local mx and Oromo ID and s/on
anmt and talk about the situation in Oromo. Good, Nov 10.
(J. Fisher-NF-CAN Nov 10, in DXplorer)
7590, V o Oromo Liberation, 15 Nov, 1700-1730, SINPO 55444. Music and
talks. Address in Scarborough, Canada, read at the end.
(Dmitry Mezin-RUS Nov 15, in Cumbre)
15675 VoLiberty Eritrea (EPLF-DP), from Samara site, scheduled 0600-0700
Wed/Sun, noted today playing typical EaAF mx at 0610 UT, lang is Tigrinya.
34433. (wb, BC-DX Dec 19)
15675 V.O.Liberty on Dec 5, at *0600-0608 UT. 33433 Tigrigna, 0600 UT sign
on with opening mx. ID and opening announce. Talk.
(Kouji Hashimoto-JPN, JPNpremium Dec 18)
SAUDI ARABIA I was alerted by a dx friend to 17785 around 0945. This
should, of course, be ARS in French. But it was broadcasting in Arabic and
identifying as Bahrain Radio! There was much talk about other Gulf
countries as well as Oman with mx in between. I suspect it was one of the
Gulf "combined" programmes produced by the various broadcasters in that
area. The carrier dropped at 0957 in mid txion. I had time to check KWT,
OMA and UAE but they were not broadcasting it on SW.
(Noel R. Green-UK, BC-DX Dec 18)
SOMALIA Again another change in the Radio Galkayo SW/FM sked: 0400-0600
and 0900 to 1900 UT, FM 87.9 and SW 6980 (AM Mode). Radio Mogadishu is
currently on SW: 6980, I have asked if one of the Radio Galkayo staff will
call down to Mog and get the sked and E Mail address for you all. Perhaps
we may help with QSL from Mog?
(Joe Talbot-CAN, Cumbre Dec 15)
Radio Galkayo Somalia good level 6980 kHz with Somali talks. ID at 1900
then short Koran chant and off, no National Anthem.(suppose first they
have to get the nation going) heard 344 on my Moxen 2 El Wire beam for
40m. {Anyone tried a Moxen wire beam for 7 MHz? very good. Will have a
recording of Galkayo in my next RKI program.
(Victor Goonetilleke-CLN 4S7VK, DXplorer Dec 15)
Joe Talbot now at R. Galkayo, Somalia, 6980, 0400-0600 and 0900-1900, with
repaired equipment; correct reports welcome, but no postal mail; will QSL
full-data via travellers abroad; send to Joe at
(Glenn Hauser-USA, WoR Dec 17)
SOUTH AFRICA [to BIAFRA] V. of Biafra International, 7380 via Meyerton
South Africa, Sat Dec 11 at *2100-2159*, English sign-on, local mx, 2104
religious mx, IDs, 2108 prayer, 2100 nx about corruption and suffering in
Nigeria; good.
(Brian Alexander-PA, dxld Dec 11)
Tuned in 7380 Sat Dec 18 at 2156, just in time to hear V. of Biafra going
from a tonal African lang to closing in English mentioning the freq and
41mb; good level via South Africa. (Glenn Hauser-OK-USA, dxld Dec 19)
7380 2100-2200 46S,47SW MEY 250kW 328degr, Sats only. (Merlin-VT)
SPAIN 738 RNE 1 seems to be on full power again since Monday 29 Nov. It
is again the strongest Spanish MW signal here in my location. According to
Spanish sources, the 300 kW tx unit has been replaced by a new 600 kW one.
(Karel Honzik-CZE, mwdx Nov 30)
A 25 kW reserve tx was used for some weeks when the new tx was being
installed.
(Olle Alm-SWE, ARC MVEko, Dec 18)
SUDAN I was checking some of the MW freq today Dec 16th and I got Sudan
on 783 around 0320 UT with some Sudanese mx,around 0325 the IS of R.
Damascus gave me some hard time as I wanted to ID that Sudanese station.
0330 UT I could hear Sudan reading the nx after time pips , when Syria
started having the Quran recitation I manged to get the ID of the Sudanese
station..it was as follows :
"Huna Atbara, Idhaat welayat wady al Neel" - (this is Atbara, the Radio
station of the Nile valley state) they had the nx for about 15 Minutes I
managed to get the ID twice :) first time to hear the ID on that freq as
it's listed as the white Nile radio on WRTH 2004.
(Tarek Zeidan-EGY SU1TZ, BC-DX Dec 16)
R. Peace, southern Sudan, unexpectedly strong, on 4750, 0323-0346+ with
Engish ID at 0345 heard in Michigan; also heard for first time in Sofia
0245-0415; could they have started a relay via a higher-powered tx site?
(Glenn Hauser-USA, WoR Dec 17)
Scheduled 0330-0400, 1630-1700, 1900-1930 UT. wb.
TAIWAN Sound of Hope in B-04:
1600-1700 11765 kHz Taipei 100 kW 2200-2300 9635 kHz Taipei 100 kW
2300-2400 7310 kHz Irkutsk(?) (Eric Zhou-CHN, xld Dec 20)
15260 Hmong Lao R. via Taiwan on [Wed] Dec 15 at *0100-0117. 35333-34433
Lao, 0100 sign on with flute's IS. Opening announce. Talk.
(Kouji Hashimoto-JPN, JPNpremium Dec 18)
RTI is looking for new monitors for 2005!
RTI's English Service will be selecting nine new monitors for 2005. Each
monitor will be given an official certificate and gift as an expression of
our appreciation. Monitors for 2004 received a silk scarf from the
renowned National Palace Museum.
Responsibilities: Monitors will be responsible for writing three
comprehensive and clearly-written reception reports each month for one
year from January 1-December 31.
Qualificiations: Monitors will be selected based upon quality of reception
reports, dedication, and geographical location. The final qualification is
to assure that we have monitors in different locations.
Application: All interested applicants should email as soon as possible to
or send us a letter at: English Service P.O.Box 24-38,
Taipei, TAIWAN ROC
Monitors will be announced: on the Internet and in "Mailbag Time" in early
January, 2005.
(RTI Website) (Alokesh Gupta-IND, hcdx Dec 5/15)
TUNISIA I am sorry, but I see that I made a mistake in my report in DXLD
4-184: "...and 1903-2000 Italian". At this time the lang is Spanish. Also
this Sunday evening, Dec 12, the whole hour was in Spanish.
(Erik Koie-DEN, dxld Dec 15)
Glenn, no more quarter-hours of four different langs; this info is correct
but 1903-2000 is in Spanish. (Roberto Scaglione, Sicily, ibid.)
UKRAINE Freqs change for Radio Ukraine International eff Dec 22:
0000-0500 NF 5910, ex 7440 to NoAm (En 01-02 & 04-05) other in Ukrainian
0900-1400 NF 15675, ex15620 to WeEu (En 12-13) other in Ukrainian
1800-2200 NF 5840, ex 7555 to WeEu (Ge 18-19 & 21-22) other in Ukrainian
(R BUL Observer, Ivo Ivanov and Angel Datzinov, via BC-DX Dec 20)
RUI Kiev's English sce advice at 1200 UTC today, at present still on 15620
kHz.
From Dec 22nd to be replaced 7440 by 5910 at 0100 and 0400 UT, and at 1200
UT new 15675 (x15620) kHz.
From Dec 22nd:
0000-0500 5910 (x7440) Mykolaiv 314 NoAmerica
(caused by unstable propagation near by MUF 8 MHz).
0100-0600 7420 Kharkiv 055 Russia (Tyumen)
0600-0900 7490 Kharkiv 262 W.Europe
0900-1400 15675(x15620) Kharkiv 277 W.Europe
(caused by QRM from 15615 "Voice of America").
1400-1800 7400 Kharkiv 055 Russia (Tyumen)
1800-2200 5840 (x7555) Kharkiv 290 W.Europe
(caused by QRM from 7557 utility station and 7550 "Radio Farda").
2200-0100 5840 Kharkiv 290 W.Europe. (via Dietrich Hommel-D, BC-DX Dec 18)
U.A.E. 15370 Radio Mustaqbal Somalia, via UAE site Al Dhabbaya, today
Dec 20th at 0630-0700, but on Mo/Tu/Th only. Heard opening with
"Mustaqbal" ID and typical EaAF music. 35333. (wb, BC-DX Dec 20)
21460 UNMEE Al Dhabbaya noted in progress at 0910 UT. UN mission radio to
ETH/ERI, Suns only 0900-1000, vernac talks in [pres.] Oromo, Amharic, and
Tigrinya. 34333. Similar txion on Tues only DHA 21550 kHz at 1030-1130 UT.
(wb, BC-DX Dec 19)
UK The BBC has asked the govt to wait another three years before
deciding when to force listeners to convert to digital radio.
Although digital radio is proving a success, the UK is not yet ready to
switch over, the BBC said yesterday, as it submitted its vision for the
sector to the govt.
The report said setting a switchover date now would be "undesirable", and
would unsettle the radio market and alarm consumers.
"Despite our commitment to digital radio as the replacement technology for
analogue radio, we contend that conditions, namely accessibility,
affordability and take-up, are not yet in place for switchover," the
corporation said.
It suggested a joint industry scheme over the next three years to plot the
migration of the entire UK market to digital.
The BBC believes switchover should not take place until digital radio sces
match those of analogue and plans are in place to ensure no organisation
is left behind. It also wants the govt to support manufacturers of
digital.
The corporation has already hatched a plan to allocate and manage the
radio spectrum, a strategy it believes will "deliver enhancements to all
tiers of digital radio provision".
It wants five blocks of the so-called band III spectrum to be shared out
across the entire industry to allow all BBC and commercial sces to move
over to digital. Details of the report will be shared with Ofcom and the
govt. It reiterates the corporation's belief that digital radio is a
"robust broadcast medium capable of cheap, mass production and integration
into a variety of devices".
The analogue television signal will be switched off between 2008 and 2012.
The govt will announce the timetable and start preparing viewers next
year.
The UK has the world's most developed digital TV market, with more than
50% of 24.5m households receiving a signal through BSkyB, the BBC-backed
Freeview or cable. In contrast, only 4% of households own a digital radio
set.
However, the UK has between 100m and 150m analogue radios, and digital
radios sets cost at least ?50. Listeners would have to invest more than
?1bn to reach the current level of BSkyB's household penetration alone.

(The Guardian via BrDXC-UK, Dec 14)
Ken, BVBCN via Skelton instead.
7155 at 1700 UT GERMANY[sic], Bible Voice BC via DTK[sic] opens with
English ID then into Arabic, poor.
(IC Ian Cattermole, Nov 8 in NZL DX Times Dec 18)
is via Skelton-UK instead, and totally covered in EUR by co-channel CRI
German via Cerrik relay: 7155 1700-1730 47,48 SKN 250 102 USA MNO MER.
[UK to RUS/CIS] 9800 "Leading the Way" program bc via Merlin-Rampisham
site. Tuned in today Sunday Dec 19th at 1705 UT, heard two men preaching.
Religious program with alternate sermon in English and Russian
translation. This lasted on til 1723 UT. Modern Russian religious mx
program til 1729:30, but the carrier remained til 1730 UT.
No station ID information noted during the broadcast and at the close.
Strong signal quality, but heavily interferred by adjacent 9795 kHz, CRI
URU in Russian too !.
9800 1700-1730 29 RMP 500 62 0 17 USA MNO MER Russian
9800 1700-1730 40 RMP 500 95 -10 36 USA MNO MER Persian
9800 Russian Religious Sa/Su. 9800 Persian Religious Tu/Fr only.
In A-04 summer on 15495 kHz.
US-based radio ministry, see Click on
"About Us"
Leading The Way. Post Office Box 20100. Atlanta, GA 30325 USA
From their website: "Though started as a ministry for the Arab world, it
meanwhile has created a number of sces in other langs as well:
The international radio ministry was launched in 1996 with a dual-
language, English-Arabic program broadcast on two high-powered AM stations
in Monte Carlo and Cyprus. This program now airs three times each week and
is designed to help Non-Christians in the Middle East, North Africa and
Europe understand who Jesus is." (wb, BC-DX Dec 19)
17720 Salaam Watandar Internews program in Dari/Pashto, much AFG type mx
observed at 1330-1500 UT, 33333. Morning broadcast scheduled at 0130-0300
on 7230 kHz via Al Dhabbaya-UAE. (wb, BC-DX Dec 19)
17720 Internews Radio (SALAAM WATANDAR), David Trilling internews.org> QSL with full data, via Afghanistan, NO IRC, time of delay
28 days. Language verified Pashto and Dari.
(Jose Hernandez-ESP, dxld Dec 20)
21620 R.Solh on Dec 14 at 0755-0806. 35322-35333 Dari and Pushto,
Afganistan mx. ID at 0757 and 0803 UT.
(Kouji Hashimoto-JPN, JPNpremium Dec 18)
Scheduled 21620 0700-1200, 17710 1200-1300, 15265 1300-1500,
17710 1500-1700 UT.
13690 Voice of Eritrean People [Ezi Demtsi Hazbi Eritrea] via Rampisham
noted in Tigre lang and Eritrean mx heard at 1735 UT. 23222, due of dead
zone at this wintertime propagation. Scheduled 1730-1830 UT Suns only?
(wb, BC-DX Dec 19)
VT Communications, part of VT Group plc has signed a significant broadcast
contract with China Radio International (CRI) to deliver nine hours of
daily programming into Southern Africa, Mexico and Brazil, providing CRI
with the network coverage they require for new sces.
VT Communications are able to provide CRI with the additional network
coverage required by utilising its strategic relationships with other
international broadcasters. Under the terms of the agreement VT
Communications will deliver English and Chinese programming into Southern
Africa, English and Portuguese into South America and Spanish programming
into Mexico and Central America [see below, wb.]. CRIs lang programming
will be delivered via satellite to the tx sites.
The award of this one year contract reflects VT Communications commitment
to developing high quality end to end solutions for complex sce delivery
for customers. It also underpins their increasing cooperation with other
international broadcasting partners.
Mr Xia Jixuan, CRIs Deputy Director General speaks highly of the project
and commented: This contract with VTC will ensure stronger, clearer
signals and a better sce for CRIs listeners.
VTCs Managing Director, Doug Umbers commented: We are proud to announce
our first sces for CRI, a very prestigious customer. We look forward to
building on this initial contract and developing a broader relationship
with CRI.
About China Radio International: China Radio International (CRI) was
founded on December 3rd, 1941.CRI aims at promoting understanding and
friendship between the people of China and people throughout the world.
CRI broadcasts 370 hours of programs each day to all over the world in 43
langs. CRI's programs include news, current affairs, and features on
politics, economy, culture, science and technology.
About VT Communications.
VT Communications, part of VT Group plc, is a leading provider of critical
communications and broadcast sces to customers in the defence, broadcast,
space communications and Govt sectors worldwide.
VT Communications transmits over 1,000 hours of both short and medium wave
broadcasts every day utilising its global network providing broadcasters
with exceptional coverage of the worlds most populous regions. Broadcast
customers include BBC World Service, NHK (Radio Japan), Radio Canada
International, Radio Netherlands, Australian Broadcasting Corporation
(ABC) and Voice of America. VT Communications is a founder member of
Digital Radio Mondiale (DRM), a consortium of broadcast related
organisations working to bring digital AM radio to the market place.
About VT Group PLC.
VT Group is a major support sces and shipbuilding company supplying
services and products to govts, govt agencies and businesses worldwide.
The Group employs over 10,000 people and has its Headquarters in
Southampton, UK. VT Group comprises two divisions, Support Services
operating from various locations primarily in the UK, USA and Middle East,
and Shipbuilding, which operate principally from new facilities in
Portsmouth, UK.
VT Groups Support Services business consists of four divisions: Defence,
US Defense, Communications and Education & Skills. Activities include
technical sces, logistics and training for all three Armed Services in the
UK and for Armed Forces around the world, critical communication and
broadcast sces, sces to the education sector in the UK, careers guidance
and vocational training. For the year ended March 2004, Support Services
accounted for ?514 million of the Groups turnover, representing 77% of
sales.
Further information about VT Group, its sces and products can be found at
.
For further information about this press release, please contact:
Laura Jelf, Marketing Manager. VT Merlin Communications
Tel: +44 [0] 20 7969 0000
E-mail: Web:
(via Mike Barraclough-UK, BC-DX Dec 20)
B-04 China Radio International via Santiago(SGO) Chile [VT-Merlin
brokered]:
2100-2157 11720 100 kW / 045 deg Portuguese
1100-1157 17625 100 kW / 045 deg Portuguese
1200-1257 17625 100 kW / 045 deg Chinese
1300-1357 17625 100 kW / 045 deg English
(R BUL Observer, Ivo Ivanov and Angel Datzinov, via BC-DX Dec 20)
6100 1500-1900 57 MEY 100 0 G CRI MER English/Chinese
9745 0000-0100 10 BON 250 290 G CRI MER Spanish
11720 2100-2200 13,15NE SGO 100 45 G CRI MER Port
17625 1100-1400 13,15NE SGO 100 45 G CRI MER Port/Chinese/English
USA Additional freqs changes for VoAmerica:
1400-1500 Russian NF 15320, ex 15450
1500-1600 English ADD 13600 "Border Crossings" Mon-Fri
1700-1800 Kurdish NF 9815, ex 7145
1900-2000 Kurdish NF 7195, ex 7255
(R BUL Observer, Ivo Ivanov and Angel Datzinov, via BC-DX Dec 20)
WAVESCAN As you are aware, production of "Wavescan" in the AWR studios
near London in England will be phased out at the end of this year and
production of the new Asian edition of "Wavescan" will be moved to a radio
studio in SNG. The Far Eastern unit of Adventist World Radio has requested
a three month break so that they can adequately prepare for the new
program. They expect to introduce the new Asian edition of "Wavescan" at
the beginning of the new txion period at the end of March, 2005.
(Adrian Peterson-USA, AWR, DXsignal Dec 16)
WMLK, 9265.05, Dec 9 *1601-1615+, Sign-on with ID, address, "Sacred Name"
religious program with Elder Jacob O Meyer. Still slightly off freq with
the usual strong carrier and weak modulation.
(Brian Alexander-PA, dxld Dec 11)
UZBEKISTAN 15385 Radio Que-Me via Tashkent, at 1200-1210 on Dec 18,
Vietnamese, tops, music and s/on. ID by female very clear.
After, news or talk by female. At 1205 UT long talk by male, 25432.
(Arnaldo Slaen-ARG, DXplorer Dec 18)
15385 R. Que Me (via Tashkent), a new one towards Vietnam, at 1200-1230*,
Sat Dec 11, opened with sad-sounding Vietnamese vocal mx and ann, the rest
of the program was Vietnamese talk by a man with occasional very brief
questions or comments by a woman. Songs and closing ann at 1227. "Fair
minus" at the start, "fair plus" by close, but not good enough to get an
ID, and mx came through better than voice. Some splash from 15380, so USB
helpful. No mention of radio on their website
This may be Saturday only, as it was first reported heard on Sat Dec 04,
and I did not hear it at 1200 checks on various days Dec 5-10.
(Jerry Berg-NJ-USA and Bjorn Fransson-SWE, Arnaldo Slaen-ARG, via dswci
DXW Dec 15)
Saturdays only. Alternate 15235, 15695 and/or 15755 also via Tashkent-UZB.
From Que Me website: Que Me, B.P.63, 94472 Boissy Saint Leger cedex,
France
Tel. +33 1 45 98 30 85. Fax +33 1 45 98 32 61
e.mail (wb, BC-DX Dec 18)
I've been doing daily checks for the new clandestine sce broadcasting to
Vietnam via a tx in Uzbekistan, Radio Que Me, at 1200-1230 UT on 15385
kHz, and can confirm that it is only aired on Saturdays. After opening
with a song reminiscent of George Gershwin's "Summertime, when the living
is easy", the ensuing annmt in Vietnamese gives a freq in kiloHertz and
then apparently goes on to mention "satellite" and announce a MHz
frequency. You can hear this for yourself on the Interval Signals Online
website at
(Dave Kernick-UK, dxld Dec 19)
VIETNAM [non] These are the VOV relay brokered by Merlin-VT for B-04:
5955 1800-2000 27,28W MOS 100 300 0 800 D AUT VOV MER
5970 2000-2130 28S SKN 300 140 30 216 D G VOV MER
6175 0100-0430 6,10N SAC 250 212 0 141 D G VOV MER
6175 0430-0530 2,6 SAC 250 240 0 141 D G VOV MER
(HFCC list)
4739.8 R TV Son La on Dec 9 at *1149-1204 UT. 34333 Vietnamese and
Vernacular, 1149 UT sign on with IS. opening announce. 1200 ID by woman
and man. Talk.
(Kouji Hashimoto-JPN, JPNpremium Dec 18)
#*#**#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#
2004 Clandestine Activity Survey
During the year 2004 the activity of political clandestine stations
broadcasting on SW has decreased by 28.5 % to 1229 Weekly Broadcasting
Hours (WBHs). This is the lowest level of activity since 1999 and the
second lowest ever since this survey has first been compiled in 1986.
Activity by clandestine stations on the Asian continent has decreased by
35 % or 495 WBHs to now 920 WBHs with the five most active target areas
(countries) all in a declining trend. Clandestine activity to target areas
on the American, African and Oceanian continents has remained more or less
unchanged from last year at 166, 127 and 16 WBHs respectively.
The three most active target areas worldwide remain exactly in the same
ranking as one year ago: Iraq with 332 WBHs (-416 when compared with one
year ago), North Korea with 168 (-49) WBHs and Afghanistan with 165 (-24)
WBHs.
Despite the declining trend that is obvious in all of the figures above,
it should also be noted that the number of different target areas active
worldwide has increased by three to 24. So, the trend towards more
diverse, but also mostly low-budget operations, is apparently still
intact, and has been only temporarily overshadowed by operations on the
Afghanistan/Iraq scenes.
Mathias Kropf, Maehr.-Schoenberger-Str. 9, D-36251 Bad Hersfeld, Germany
Fax +49 6621 965830 (BC-DX Dec 19)
#*#**#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#
NEW EUROPEAN MEDIUMWAVE GUIDE PUBLISHED
Dear all, Tonight, roughly between 1900 and 2000 UTC, the new EMWG will be
available on the usual web site:
The whole web site has been refurbished and given another look. The
January 2005 PDF will be available, in a few days to be followed by the
PDA version. Reactions, comments, suggestions and other feedback... you
know where to send it to!
(Herman Boel-BEL, BCLNews.it Dec 16 via DXLD)
#*#**#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#
KLINGENFUSS "2005/2006 Guide to Utility Radio Stations"
Use this CD-ROM to find SW broadcast stations worldwide, plus utility
stations from 0 to 30 MHz!
Broadcast database: 9,336 entries with the latest schedules of
clandestine, domestic and international broadcasting sces on SW. Compiled
by top experts in this field with the assistance of more than 100
experienced collaborators and monitors worldwide.
Utility database (Red Cross, United Nations and more): 10,092 special
freqs from the international bestseller "2005/2006 Guide to Utility Radio
Stations." Plus 930 abbreviations and 20,224 formerly active freqs, all on
one CD-ROM. Browse through all that data in milliseconds, and search in
next to no time even combined! for specific freqs, countries, stations,
langs, call signs, and times as well. It can't get faster than this!
Includes the superb digital data decoding shareware program RadioRaft by
French radio amateur F6FLT, and 321 new WAVECOM digital data decoder
screenshots in original format with full colors. This product is based on
36 years of experience in the radio monitoring and publishing field!
Easily connects to leading receiver control programs: controlling your
equipment by means of this freq database is now only a mouse-click away! A
powerful concurrent full text word search is included, too.
Great for the international radio listener, a businessperson or a tourist
traveling worldwide, a professional monitoring sce, or a circumnavigator
sailing around the globe: This is the way just a few keystrokes and you
have it all!
CD-ROM for PCs. Runs under Windows 3.1/95/98/2000/ME/NT/XP. + 2004 by
Klingenfuss Publications, Germany. $29.95
(BrDXC via dxld, Dec 16)
For decades, we have been the world leader in publications on digital data
signals decoding on HF. The unique Radio Data Code Manual - used by radio
monitoring sces around the world for training and operation - currently
runs its 17th edition.
The famous Guide to Utility Radio Stations is in its 23rd edition. We now
offer 3,800 (three thousand eight hundred!) digital data decoder
screenshots on CD. The brandnew 2005 Super Frequency List on CD is already
the 11th edition of this very popular information source, featuring both
broadcast and utility radio stations, plus 321 fascinating screenshots
from our global radio monitoring work throughout 2004. Just for the
record, other publishers have absolutely nothing to offer in this field,
let alone something on CD. What a shame!
Latest references from all over the world can be found at our website

Latest digital data decoder screenshots from our worldwide monitoring are
uploaded daily. Equipment manufacturers interested in advertising in our
2006 editions please contact us by 30 Sept 2005. We wish you good
reception throughout the coming sunspot minimum!
Best wishes, Joerg Klingenfuss, Klingenfuss Publications
E-Mail <> Internet
(Dec 17)
#*#**#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#
Gerd Klawitter (publisher):
"100 Jahre Funktechnik in Deutschland"
[100 years of radio technology in Germany]
Funksendestellen rund um Berlin
[Radio transmitting centres round of Berlin]
3rd edition, 2004, 340 pages, 300 pictures, 14 tables, 33 project maps
Price EUR 29.80 ISBN 3-936124-65-5
Co-editors are Wolfgang Behnke, Klaus Herold, Peter Manteuffel DG1RPM,
Guenter Nitsche, Hartwig Thiel and Fritz Traxler DM2ARD.
Publishing house: Funk Verlag Bernhard Hein e.K., Elisabethstr. 16 b,
D-06847 Dessau, Germany.
Order fax +49 340 541 22 17 Order Email:
Features include:
Nauen Grossfunksendestelle.
- main short wave transmitting centre.
Koenigs Wusterhausen Hauptfunksendestelle.
- main transmitting centre on LW, MW, SW.
(DS - Deutschlandsender I, Radio Berlin International, Radio GDR, Bizim
Radio, Voice of Truth[Radiofonikos Stathmos I Foni Tis Alithias] and
others)
Zeesen (DS Deutschlandsender II) Olympiasender 1936,
Germany's short wave transmitting centre.
Reparation unit, moved to the USSR after WW II in 1945-1946.
Herzberg (DS Deutschlandsender III)
The world's first 500 kW LW tx.
Rehmate/Zehlendorf (Oranienburg)
- main GDR Long Wave transmitting centre.
(DS Deutschlandsender, Voice of GDR, now long wave DLR Berlin 177 kHz and
Voice of Russia 603 kHz)
VLF Sender Goliath Kalbe-Milde.
- Submarine boat radio communication sender of Deutsche Kriegsmarine on
very long wave in spring 1943 until 1945y.
Also used for commercial contact between Berlin and Tokyo-Japan.
Variable adjustable on 15 ... 60 kHz; 5 to 20 km band.
Total 18 masts, 3 x 204 meters, 15 x 170 m height.
300 kW: CW 16.55 kHz. 1000 kW: Facsimile 30 kHz. AM 45 kHz.
Distance to NY 7000 kms, to Cape Town 9800 kms.
Oebisfelde
- Foreign radio short wave transmitting centre until 1945.
Partly Reparation unit, moved to the USSR after WW II in 1945-1946.
Leipzig Wiederau
- MW & SW transmitting centre Leipzig. (MDR Sender Leipzig, Radio Moscow
1945-1988, Radio GDR, Radio Berlin International, Bizim Radio,
Messewelle Leipzig - Trade Fair Radio)
Wilsdruff
- MW transmitting centre Dresden.
(Radio GDR, Berliner Rundfunk, Radio Vltava, communist propaganda radio of
Warsaw treaty states, during occupation in CSSR 1968-1969)
Burg near Magdeburg
- High powered main LW & MW transmitting centre Magdeburg,
technically leading centre in the ex-GDR.
(DS Deutschlandsender, Voice of GDR, West Germany's Communist Party
clandestine radio station Deutscher Freiheitssender 904, anti-Bundeswehr -
West Germany's army clandestine radio station Deutscher Soldatensender
935, Radio Volga LW 261, radio of Soviet occupation troops in the ex-GDR
from 1960)
Wachenbrunn
- MW transmitting centre near Suhl Hildburghausen. (V of GDR, Radio GDR,
Berliner Rundfunk, Radio Moscow / Voice of Russia relay from 1988, now
highpowered Voice of Russia relay site, 1323 kHz 1000 kW)
Woebbelin
- MW transmitting centre Schwerin. (DS Deutschlandsender, V of GDR, RIAS
Berlin, DLR Berlin)
SFB Berlin/RBB Berlin
- Their tx sites within West Berlin. Details about BFBS Berlin and Radio
FFB (French Forces Radio), too.
RIAS Berlin
- MW-, LW-and SW-transmitters at Berlin-Britz. Now used by DLR Berlin.
Details about AFN Berlin, too.
Koepenick
- High powered MW-broadcast centre within East Berlin.
Funkanbindung Berlin
- The wireless communication links betwen West Germany and West Berlin
during the times of the cold war. Communication stations Torfhaus, Gartow
and Clenze (WeGermany) and Heckeshorn/Wannsee, Nikolassee, Schaeferberg
and Frohnau (WeBerlin)
!! Note that this book is written in German lang totally. !!
- - - -
Hallo, Freunde der Funkgeschichte !
Da ist sie nun, die dritte Auflage des Bandes 1 von "100 Jahre Funktechnik
in Deutschland".
Lange war das Buch vergriffen, lange haben Sie darauf gewartet!
Unsere Autoren haben sich sehr viel Muehe fuer Sie gegeben.
Der Umfang ist um 100 Seiten erweitert worden!
Einige Kapitel sind voellig neu, andere wurden erheblich erweitert oder
ueberarbeitet.
Viel neues, bisher unbekanntes Bildmaterial wurde ausgegraben und ins Buch
integriert.
Auch das neue Umschlagbild vom Museumshaus in Koenigs Wusterhausen wird
Ihnen sofort ins Auge fallen.
Das sollten Sie haben, ein Standardwerk der Funkgeschichte auf 340 Seiten
in bester qualitativer Verarbeitung und das zu einem unschlagbaren Preis
von 29,80 EUR.
Berlin.
Es beginnt 1897 mit den ersten Funkversuchen an der Heilandskirche in
Sacrow nahe der Glienicker Bruecke.
Es schliesst sich die Grossfunkstelle Nauen an, die von der Telefunken-
Gesellschaft als "Versuchsanlage zur Erzielung groesster Reichweiten"
errichtet worden war und noch heute in Betrieb ist.
Detailliert beschrieben werden ausserdem:
- die Hauptfunkstelle Koenigs Wusterhausen (Deutschlandsender I),
- Zeesen (Deutschlandsender II, 1936 Standort des Olympiasenders, zu DDR-
Zeit Standort des MfS-Auslandsfunks),
- Herzberg/Elster (Deutschlandsender III),
- Rehmate/Zehlendorf bei Oranienburg,
- die Rundfunkevolution Leipzigs in Wiederau,
- der legendaere Laengstwellensender Goliath in Kalbe/Milde
(diente im 2. Weltkrieg zur weltweiten Fuehrung der U-Boote),
- Oebisfelde,
- Burg (Deutscher Freiheitssender 904, Deutscher Soldatensender 935),
- Wilsdruff,
- Wachenbrunn (Standort eines 1000-kW-Mittelwellensenders),
- Woebbelin,
- die SFB- bzw. RBB-Sendeanlagen,
- die RIAS-Sendeanlage Berlin Britz,
- und der Sender Berlin Koepenick.
Darueber hinaus wird der Oeffentlichkeit erstmals ausfuehrlich die
Funkanbindung West-Berlins an das Bundesgebiet mit Hilfe der
Richtfunkstellen auf Berliner Gebiet (Heckeshorn, Nikolassee, Schaeferberg
und Frohnau) und auf Westgebiet (Torfhaus, Gartow und Clenze) vorgestellt.
Alle Standorte werden in ausfuehrlichen Texten auf ueber 340 Seiten mit
mehr als 300 - bisher weitgehend unbekannten - Bildern, Zeichnungen und
Blockschaltungen beschrieben und dargestellt. Ein wertvolles Dokument der
Technikgeschichte.
3. Auflage 2004, ISBN 3-936124-65-5
Erhaeltlich in jeder Buchhandlung oder direkt vom Funk Verlag Bernhard
Hein e.K., Elisabethstrasse 16 b, D-06847 Dessau, Deutschland.
Telefon (0340) 5 41 22 10, Telefax (0340) 5 41 22 17
e-mail (April 2004)
*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#
Copyright Notice:
Any items from Glenn Hauser, DX LISTENING DIGEST, and/or World of Radio may be reproduced or broadcast only if full credit be maintained at all stages, from the original source through DXLD, and publications quoting are made available to gh in exchange.
Permission is granted to reproduce items of BC-DX / Top News by individual hobbyists or non-commercial organizations only, provided that due credit is given to the contributor and to BC-DX / Top News. Any commercial use only with prior written consent of the editor of BC-DX / Top News. BC-DX / Top News may not be reposted in its entirety without permission.
Private Verwendung der Meldungen fuer Hobbyzwecke ist gestattet; jede kommerzielle Verwendung bedarf der Zustimmung des Newslettereditors. *#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#
"A-DX" - For information on the German language A-DX Mailing List go to: http://www.ratzer.at *#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#
vy73 de Wolfgang, DF5SX -

topnews@wwdxc.de
Back to WWDXC Homepage Back to this week´s WWDXC Top NewsSingle older editions of WWDXC Top News can be requested from WORLDWIDE DX CLUB at the following e-mail address:

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Copyright © 2005 by WORLDWIDE DX CLUB
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Last Modified: 12/28/2004 12:00:12

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Ships, Planes from Several Nations Deliver Aid to Tsunami Victims
By Scott Bobb Bangkok31 December 2004
Bobb report - Download 299k Listen to Bobb report
HMAS Kanimbla, an amphibious landing ship being sent to Indonesia An international armada of military ships and planes is rushing to relieve suffering in parts of southern Asia hard-hit by Sunday's earthquake and tsunami. Soldiers and sailors are taking on relief duty.
Naval ships from the United States, Australia, India, and Singapore are steaming to Indonesia, Sri Lanka, and Thailand. They are carrying supplies, personnel, and construction equipment to areas devastated by the earthquake and killer waves five-days ago.
A member of the U.S. senior military command, General James Conway, says a disaster relief team has been sent to each of these three countries.
"Their task, of course, will be to make immediate assessment as to the nature and the scope of the impact of the disaster," he said.
A U.S. aircraft carrier group of four ships is deploying off the coast of northern Indonesia's Aceh province. Six ships will steam to Sri Lanka. And since Thursday, about two dozen cargo and search-and-rescue planes have been flying missions from a base in Thailand.
Thailand has been designated the hub of the U.S. effort. The head of the Joint U.S. Military Assistance Group, Colonel Jack Dibrell, says the U.S. planes have doubled the capacity of the Thai royal air force. They are airlifting relief supplies to the west coast, where thousands of people have been killed or injured.
"Phase one is primarily to give them [the Thai's] that lift capability and phase two may be, more and more, forces coming in to help them in the rebuilding and assessing where we can best apply the military assets that we have," he said.
Australia sent a navy ship carrying helicopters, construction equipment, and army engineers to Aceh to help reconstruction and relief efforts in devastated communities that have been cut off by damaged roads.
Commander Steve Woodhall aboard the ship Kanimbla says the crew is ready for its task.
"I think it is going to be difficult, but I have got a great team," he said. "They are well-trained and our military skills can be applied to these sort of disaster relief efforts and I am sure once we get these people ashore, we can make a difference."
Singapore is also sending a navy ship to Aceh with food, medical supplies, and bulldozers. Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong says 700 Singaporeans are being deployed and called it unprecedented effort for the nation of five million people.
"We have never done anything on this scale before," he said. "So we are pushing the limits of what we have done."
Relief experts say military fleets, with their large transport capacity, provide valuable support in moving large amounts of aid to devastated regions, and then distributing the aid to isolated populations. The U.S. ships also can produce tens of thousands of liters of badly needed clean water.
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TORAH VERSUS GRACE 31.DEZ 2004-2007

Before we can get into the debate of Thorah (law) versus Favor (grace), we need to make sure of the definitions of the two. When I set out to study the subject, I thought that I had a pretty good idea of what Thorah and Favor meant. But, I was mistaken. All that I had heard in the ?Church? was wrong and the uses of the words were not even correct.

Thorah is Hebrew for instruction, precept, teaching, law. It comes from the Hebrew word yarah, which means to flow as water (i.e. to rain), to lay or throw (to shoot); fig. to point out ( as if by aiming the finger), to teach (direct, inform, instruct, lay, show). The Book of Laws, the five books of Mosheh, are also called Thorah.

Favor in the Hebrew is chen (khane), which comes from chanan, which means kindness, favor, to bend or stoop in kindness to an inferior, to bestow, grant or give. The Greek is charis (as in charity). The meaning of the Greek is very close to that of the Hebrew, but since the Greek originates potentially, from a pagan gods name, as well as the English rendering of grace and since the mindset of grace and charity is different than that of favor, I will be using the word favor throughout this study.

Some of the uses in the Testimony and Letters for grace, is the Hebrew word Chesed. Chesed means mercy, kindness and is from the same origin as another Hebrew word, by the same spelling meaning shame, curse, rebuke, reproach.

Here are some examples of these uses, in the Letters.
In Yaaqob [James] 4:6, Yaaqob is quoting Scripture [the Tanak (OT)] and says, "elohiym opposes the proud, but gives favor [chen] to the humble." This is a quote from Mishley [Proverbs] 3:34. Kefa [Peter] 5:5 quotes the same verse.

In Yahudah [Jude] 1:4, " 'for some men have obtained entrance, who from the beginning were registered beforehand under this condemnation, wicked men, who pervert the mercy [chesed] of elohey to shamefullness, and deny him who is the only master elohey and our master, yahusha` hamashiyach.' "

Now that we have the foundation of the two meanings laid, we can then proceed to build. I will be using only Tanak [Old Testament] to begin with. This way we can see the whole subject as it appeared to the early Believers, who only had the Tanak - the Scriptures, available to them; before the gentilizing of the subject by the ?Church?. Then, I will go in and provide verses from the Testimony, Letters and Revelations (NT).


Favor

Let?s begin with Favor [chen], as it applies to YHWH. Shemoth [Exodus] 34, this is at Mountain Siynay, after the golden calf incident. YHWH had directed Mosheh to cut out two new stone tablets, which he did. YHWH then tells Mosheh to present himself up on the mountain, early in the morning, by himself, which he also does. Verses 5-7, " YHWH descended in the nimbus cloud and stood there with him as he called upon the name YHWH. 6 then YHWH passed by in front of him and proclaimed, 'YHWH, YHWH, el, compassionate and favorable, slow to anger, and abounding in kindness and truth; 7 who keeps kindness for thousands, who forgives iniquity, transgression and sin; yet he will by no means leave the guilty unpunished, visiting the iniquity of fathers on the children and on the grandchildren to the third and fourth generations.' "

Shemoth [Exodus] 33:19, "and he said, 'i will cause all my goodness to pass before you, and i will proclaim the name YHWH before you. and i will favor him whom i favor, and I will have mercy on him whom i have mercy.? ?

Also, Thehillah [Psalm] 103:8-18, " 'YHWH is compassionate and showing favor, slow to anger and great in mercy. he does not strive for eternity, nor will he harbor anger forever. he has not treated us according to our sins, nor repaid us according to our wickedness. for as the heavens are high above the earth, so great is his mercy toward those who fear him. as far as east is from west, so far has he removed our transgressions from us. as a father has compassion for his children, so YHWH has compassion for those who fear him. for he knows how we are made; he remembers that we are dust. the days of a man are like the grass; as a flower of the field, so he flourishes. for the wind blows over it, and it is no more. but the mercy of YHWH is from everlasting to everlasting upon those who fear him, and his righteousness to the children of his children, to those who observe his beriyth, and to those who remember his commands to do them.' "

Thehillah [Psalm] 84:11(12), " 'for YHWH is a sun and a shield; YHWH gives favor and honor, he withholds no good matter from those who walk blamelessly.' "

So here we begin to see that all the love, mercy, favor and patience of YHWH is for those who fear Him, observe His beriyth [covenant], walk blamelessly and obey His commands; not for those who do not fear Him and break His beriyth, do not walk in His ways and do not obey Him. This love, mercy, favor and patience is conditional on the relationship.

Favor of YHWH is shown only when the conditions of the beriyth are met. In this case, when a sinner turns from his sins, back to YHWH. YeshaYahu [Isaiah] 30:18-21, " 'therefore YHWH will wait to show you favor. therefore he will be exalted, to have compassion on you. for YHWH is an elohey of justice. blessed are all those who wait for him. for the people will dwell in tsiyon at yerushalayim, you will weep no more. he will show much favor to you at the sound of your cry; when he hears, he will answer you. though YHWH gave you the bread of adversity and water of affliction, your moreh [teacher] will no longer be hidden. but your eyes will see your moreh [teacher], and your ears hear a word behind you saying, "this is the way, walk in it," whenever you turn to the right, or whenever you turn to the left.' " This is a prophecy for Yisrael that is conditional. The verses before and after state that Yisrael was stubborn and did not seek YHWH, they added sin to sin, verse 9, " 'that this is a rebellious people, lying children, children who refuse to hear the thorah of YHWH.' " So YHWH says that He will wait to show them favor. He tells them in verse 15, what must be done to have that favor and compassion, " 'for so says adonay YHWH, qedowsh [set-apart one] of yisrael, "in turning and returning [shubah] and rest you are saved, in stillness and trust is your strength." but you would not,' " Shubah is the same word the the NT calls repent. It is what Yahuchanan the immerser [John the Baptist] cried out to the people, "shub", to turn from your sins and return to YHWH. He does not pour out mercy and favor on the disobedient. It is not His nature, as just and righteous, to favor the rebellious and the disobedient, while they are rebellious and disobedient. The key is in the turning and returning.

In Mishley [Proverbs] 3:1-4, we see a warning to a son, " 'my son, do not forget my thorah, and let your heart watch over my commands; for length of days and long life and shalom [peace] they will add to you. do not let mercy and truth forsake you, bind them around your neck, write them on the tablet of your heart, so finding favor and good insight in the eyes of YHWH and man.' " Mishley 13:15, "good understanding gains favor , but the way of those that break faith is hard (does not endure)." Once again the condition for favor is to not forget the Thorah of YHWH, not to break faith with Him and obey His commands.

YHWH is the same yesterday, today and tomorrow. He does not change like shifting shadows. Should you disobey and not follow Thorah and continue in that disobedience, He turns His back on you until you turn from your sins, back to YHWH [shubah - repent] and obey Him. If you are walking in His ways then He blesses you. Here is a blessing that Aharon spoke over Yisrael - BeMidbar [Numbers] 6:24-26, " 'YHWH bless you and guard you; YHWH make his face shine upon you, and show favor to you; YHWH lift up his face upon you, and give you shalom [wholeness, completeness, peace].' "


Relationships

To better understand favor, between YHWH and ourselves, we need to view favor between one person and another. Thehillah [Psalm] 37:21, 26, "the wicked one borrows and does not repay, but the righteous one shows favor (is generous) and gives. all the day he (the righteous man) shows favor and lends; and his seed (children) are a blessing." Thehillah 112:5, "good is a man showing favor and lending, who conducts his affairs with justice." Mishley [Proverbs] 14:31, "he who oppresses the poor shows contempt for his maker, but he who honors him shows favor to the needy." Mishley 19:17, "he who shows favor to the poor lends to YHWH, and he rewards him for what he has done." And finally, Mishley 28:8, "he who increases his possessions by interest and profit gathers it for him who shows favor to the poor."

Interestingly enough, these five ?people references? all deal with the generosity in giving to those that need it; giving generously to those that lack. This is how YHWH is. He owns the cattle on a thousand hills (Thehillah [Psalm] 50:10), giver of every good and perfect gift ( Yaaqob [James] 1:17). He is the generous one, showing favor to us who lack. II Corinthians 9: 6-11, " 'remember this, whoever sows sparingly will reap sparingly, and whoever sows generously will also reap generously. let each one give as he purposes in his heart, not reluctantly or under compulsion, for YHWH loves a joyous giver. and YHWH is able to make all favor overflow toward you, so that in all things at all times, having all that you need, you will have plenty for every good work. as it is written, "he has scattered abroad his gifts to the poor, his righteousness endures forever." and he who supplies seed to the sower, and bread for food, will supply and increase the seed you have sown and increase the fruit (harvest) of your righteousness, you will be enriched in every way so that you can be generous (show favor) on every occasion and through us your generosity will result in thanksgiving to YHWH.' "


Prayers for favor

Here are some of the prayers that are ascribed to Dawiyd and others, concerning the favor of YHWH. Thehillah [Psalm] 51:3(1), " 'favor me, YHWH, according to your kindness; according to your vast compassion, blot out my transgressions.' " Thehillah 119:58, " 'i have sought your face with all my heart; show me favor according to your word.' " Thehillah 119:132, " 'turn to me and favor me, according to your justice, toward those who love your name.' " Thehillah 57:2(1), " 'favor me, YHWH, favor me. for in you my nefesh (breath/being, soul) takes refuge; and in the shadow of your wings i take refuge, until destruction passes by.' " YeshaYahu [Isaiah] 33:2, " 'YHWH, favor me, for we have longed for you. be their arm every morning, our deliverance also in time of distress.' " And, Thehillah 123:2,3, " 'see, as the eyes of servants look toward the hand of their masters, as the eyes of a female servant look toward the hand of her mistress, so are our eyes toward YHWH, till he favors us. favor us, YHWH, favor us, for we are exceedingly filled with contempt. our nefesh (breath/being, soul) is exceedingly filled with the ridicule from the complacent ones, with the contempt of the arrogant." ' " We cannot live without the favor of YHWH, without His gifts of kindness. That is not life.


Thorah

Now, let?s take a look at Thorah, what Scripture says that Thorah is, and what this instruction from YHWH does for us. Thehillah [Psalm] 78:1, " 'my people, give ear to my thorah; listen to the words of my mouth.' " Mishley [Proverbs] 6:23, " 'for these mitswoth [commands] are a lamp, and this thorah is a light, and the corrections of discipline are the way to life.' " Mishley 7:2, " 'observe my mitswoth [commands] and live, and guard my thorah as the apple of your eye.' " Thehillah 19:8(7), " 'the thorah of YHWH is perfect, reviving the nefesh (breath, soul, being). the testimony of YHWH is trustworthy, making wise the simple.' " And, HaDebariym [Deuteronomy] 32:46,47, "he (mosheh) said to them, 'set your heart on all the words which i declared to you today, so that you may command your children to obey carefully all the words of this thorah. for they are not just empty words for you, they are your life, and by this word you prolong your days on the soil which you pass over the yarden [jordan] to possess.' "

So in these Scriptures we see that the Thorah are the words out of the mouth of YHWH; it is light; should be the apple of our eye; it is perfect, reviving our nefesh; and they are not empty words, but our life. This does not sound like something that was made obsolete by ?grace?, rather it sounds like the Son of YHWH, Yahusha`. He is the word out of the mouth of His Father, He is perfect and has revived our nefesh, He is not empty and void, but our life and He should be the apple of our eye.

Bereshiyth [Genesis] 26:4,5, " 'and i will increase your offspring like the stars of the heavens, and i will give all these lands to your offspring. and in your offspring all the goyiy [gentiles] of the earth will be blessed, because abraham obeyed my voice and observed my observances, my commands, my rules, and my thoroth (plural of thorah).' " Because of Abrahams obedience, we have blessings, if we walk in those same ways.

So why should we obey Thorah? HaDebariym [Deuteronomy] 11:8,9, " 'and you will observe every mitswah [command] which i have commanded you today, so that you will be strong, and will go in, and will possess the land which you are crossing over to possess, and to prolong your days in the land which YHWH swore to give your fathers, to them and their descendants, a land flowing with milk and honey.' " HaDebariym 4:5,6, " 'see i have taught you rules and judgements, as YHWH commanded me, to perform them in the midst of the land which you go to possess. and you will observe and do them, for this is your wisdom and your understanding before the eyes of the peoples who hear all these rules, and they will say, "surely, a wise and understanding people is this great goy [nation]." ' " HaDebariym 6:20-25, " 'when your son asks you in time to come, saying, "what is the meaning of the testimonies, and the rules, and the judgements which YHWH has commanded you?" then you will say to your son, "we were slaves of faraoh in mitsrayim, and YHWH brought us out of mitsrayim with a strong hand, and YHWH sent signs and wonders, great and grievous, upon mitsrayim, upon faraoh, and upon all his beyth, before our eyes. and he brought us out from there, to bring us in, to give us the land of which he swore to our fathers. and YHWH commanded us to do all these rules, to fear YHWH, for our good always, to give us life, as it is today. and it will be righteousness for us when we are careful to do all this command before YHWH, as he has commanded us." ' "

So we should obey Thorah because it provides us with blessings; gives us strength to possess the land; prolong our days; gives us wisdom and understanding that is obvious, even to unbelievers; it is for our good; to give us life; and is righteousness for us. Observing the Thorah of YHWH, His commands, His judgments, His laws, His testimonies is for our benefit, not to wear us down, burden us or make it difficult for us. Just as a parent says to their child, ?Do not touch the fire. Obey me in this and you will be safe?, ?Do not eat or drink this, it is poison and could kill you?, ?These are the foods you eat to help your body grow strong and stay healthy?, YHWH has given us teachings that are to help us, steer us, protect us, bless us, mature us. They are not just for our physical being, but more importantly, our spiritual being. They do not affect just what we do here, in the short span of our existence on this earth, but our future, determining if we get the blessing of spending it with YHWH.

A child may cast off all restraint and become rebellious. Growing up to be a lawbreaker and quite possibly spending time in prison or just in the prison he has made his life to be. Or a child can embrace the teachings that his parents have hopefully set forth for him, those that his society and country place on him, and be a law abiding member of his community and not go to prison. Now I know that some of the rules and laws that are set up by our governments are not just or necessary and sometimes innocent people are imprisoned or executed for crimes they did not commit. My point is that the Thorah (teachings) of YHWH is perfect and just and they are for our benefit, to teach us how to relate to Him, ourselves, others and our environment. They show us a perfect way, the perfect way that Yahusha` came to show us.


Blessings for observance

Here are some Scriptures that show how a man is blessed for observing Thorah. Thehillah [Psalm] 94:12, " 'happy is the man you discipline, YHWH, and teach from your thorah.' " Thehillah 1:2, " 'but his delight is in the thorah of YHWH, and in his thorah he meditates day and night.' " Thehillah 119:1, " 'happy are those whose way is perfect, who walk in the thorah of YHWH.' " Mishley [Proverbs] 1:8,9, " 'shema (hear), my son, the discipline of your father, and do not forsake the thorah of your mother; for they are a garland to favor your head, and chains to adorn your neck.' " YHWH teaches us from His perfect Thorah, we should meditate on it day and night; to walk in it. Notice that the discipline and Thorah, to the son, is not as a yoke or shackles, but as a wreath or crown upon his head and a chain (necklace) about his neck. Thorah is a blessing, not a burden. Mishley [Proverbs] 4:2, " 'for i have given you good instruction, do not forsake my thorah.' "


Keeping Beriyth

These are some of the promises that go along with this beriyth of keeping Thorah. Yahusha` [Joshua] 1:8, " 'do not let this book of the thorah depart from your mouth, but you will meditate on it day and night, so that you may observe to do everything that is written in it. for then you will make your way prosperous, and then you will act wisely.' " HaDebariym [Deuteronomy] 30:9,10, " 'and YHWH will make you prosperous in all the work of your hand, in the fruit of your womb, and in the fruit of your livestock, and in the fruit of your soil for YHWH will return to rejoice over you for good as He rejoiced over your fathers, if you obey the voice of YHWH, to observe his commands and his rules which are written in this book of the thorah, if you turn back to YHWH with all your heart and with all your nefesh (breath, being, soul).' " I Dibrey HaYamiym [I Chronicles] 22:12,13, " 'only, may YHWH give you wisdom and understanding, and give you command over yisrael, to keep the thorah of YHWH. then you will prosper, if you are careful to do the rules and judgments which YHWH commanded mosheh concerning yisrael. be strong and courageous, do not fear or be discouraged.' " By observing, doing and meditating on the Thorah, YHWH promises to make us prosperous; give us wisdom and understanding, so that we will act wisely; prosper the fruit of our hands, our wombs, our livestock and our soil. These are tremendous promises that YHWH makes to us, for what? Just for keeping His Thorah, with all our heart (not for show or half-hearted), which is pleasing to Him.

Written on our hearts

Our attitude should be one of pleasure in observing the Thorah of YHWH. Our hearts should desire to do what pleases YHWH. Thehillah [Psalm] 40:8, " 'i have delighted to do your pleasure, YHWH, and your thorah is within my heart.' " YirmeYahu [Jeremiah] 31:33, " 'for this is the beriyth [covenant] i will make with the beyth yisrael after those days,' declares YHWH. 'i will place my thorah in their inward parts, and write it on their hearts. and i will be to them for elohiym, and they will be my people.' " Yechezqel [Ezekiel] 36:26,27, " 'and i will give you a heart restored (this word is chadashah, as in restored, new, repaired, renewed. The same word is used in YirmeYahu 31:31, when YHWH says that He is going to make with us a ?Beriyth Chadashah? ? restored covenant.) and place a ruach [spirit] restored (chadashah) within you. and i will remove the heart of stone from your flesh, and i will give you a heart of flesh, and place my ruach [spirit] within you, and will move you to walk in my rules and guard my judgements and observe them.' " I Melekiym [Kings] 8:57,58, " 'may YHWH be with us as he was with our fathers, may he not leave us or forsake us, to turn our hearts to himself, to walk in all his ways, and to observe his commands and his rules and his judgements, that he commanded our fathers.' "

This heart of stone is not a literal rock where your heart should be, but a heart that has become hardened, calloused, by continued disobedience. ZekarYahu [Zachariah] 7:12, " 'and they made their hearts like flint, rather than hearing the thorah, and the words which YHWH tsabaoth had sent by his ruach [spirit] through the earlier nebiyiym [prophets], and great wrath came from YHWH tsabaoth.' " The people who do not observe the Thorah of YHWH, who turn from His ways, develop a hard, calloused, hardened heart - a heart of stone. The only way to get rid of that, is to turn from your sins to YHWH. Then He will take out the hardened heart and give you a restored one of flesh, kind of like a heart transplant. He then places His ruach within you to move you to walk in His ways and observe His Thorah, to fulfill them. Without this restored heart and His ruach, you will never be able to observe and fulfill His Thorah. A person can never observe and fulfill True Thorah without a renewed heart and the ruach of YHWH.

There is a difference between those that have the Thorah of YHWH in their hearts and those that do not. One example is that of the Thorah helping you to resist temptations and trials. Thehillah [Psalm] 37:31, " 'the thorah of YHWH is in his heart; his footsteps will not slip.' " Mishley [Proverbs] 13:14, "the thorah of the wise is a fountain of life, turning one away from the snares of death." Thehillah 17:4,5, " 'as for the deeds of men, by the words of your lips (remember, the Thorah are the words of the lips of YHWH), i have kept myself from the paths of the lawless. my steps have held fast to your paths, my footsteps have not slipped.' " When Yahusha` was being tempted, in the wilderness, what did He use to stand firm against the temptations of Satan? He used the Thorah. ?It is written.? For every temptation of Satans, Yahusha` used portions of the Thorah to point out what YHWH spoke and required of His people. Ah, but that is the Testimony and I am jumping ahead of myself.

Another example of the difference between those with the Thorah of YHWH in their heart and those that do not, is in their relationship to each other. There will be striving and contention between the two. I have seen this in person, as well as on the forums. One of the biggest sources of contention is the subject of observing Thorah. Mishley [Proverbs] 28:4,5, " 'those who forsake the thorah praise the wicked, but the observers of the thorah contend with them. evil men do not understand judgment, but those who seek YHWH will understand all.' " YeshaYahu [Isaiah] 51:7,8, " 'shema (hear, listen) to me, you who know righteousness, a people with my thorah in their hearts; do not fear the reproach of men, and do not be broken by their insults; for like a garment, a moth will eat them, and like wool, a worm will eat them; but my righteousness is forever, and my salvation for all generations.' "


Not observing Torah

Which leads me to the Scriptures of those that do not keep Thorah. YirmeYahu [Jeremiah] 9:12-16, " 'who is the wise man, who will understand this? who is he to whom the mouth of YHWH speaks, that he may explain it? why has the land perished, and become burned up like a wilderness, with none passing through it?' and YHWH says, ' because they have forsaken my thorah which i placed before them, and they have not obeyed my voice, or walked according to it, but they have walked according to the stubbornness of their own heart and followed after the baaliym, as their fathers taught them.' therefore so said YHWH tsebaoth, elohey of yisrael, 'observe, i am making this people eat wormwood, and i will make them drink poisoned (gall) water. and i will scatter them among the goyiym, that neither they nor their fathers have known, and I will send the sword after them until i have consumed them.' " This is no small matter to YHWH. Not keeping His Thorah is a major offense against Him, with serious repercussions.


Violating Beriyth

What is interesting in this passage, is the statement of having to drink poisoned water. In the thorah, if a man suspected his wife of being adulterous, the kohaniym [priests] made the woman drink bitter water. If she was innocent nothing happened. If she was guilty, he belly would swell and her thigh waste away. Also, when Yisrael sinned by making a golden calf and worshipping it, Mosheh came down from the mountain and chastised them for doing so. The calf was burned up and ground to a powder, mixed with water and Yisrael was made to drink. Idolatry is as adultery in this beriyth with YHWH.

Also, Hoshea 8:1,12, " 'put the shofar to your mouth, like an eagle over (as an enemy swooping) the beyth YHWH [House of YHWH], because they have violated my beriyth [covenant], and they have rebelled against my thorah.' " NechemYahu [Nehemiah] 9:26, " 'but they became disobedient and rebelled against you, and cast your thorah behind their backs, and they killed your nebiyiym [prophets] who had warned them, to bring them back to yourself, and they committed great blasphemies.' " YeshaYahu [Isaiah] 24:5,6, " 'for the earth has been defiled because of its inhabitants, because they have disobeyed the thoroth (plural of Thorah), violated the rules , broke the everlasting beriyth [covenant]. therefore a curse will consume the earth and the guilty inhabitants in it. therefore the inhabitants of the earth will be burned, and few men will be left.' " The earth was cleansed of the wicked once before, in the flood. The earth, like a person, underwent a miqweh of water, for purification of uncleanness. See the study on Miqweh for more Scriptures. The next immersion to cleanse is that of fire. These Scriptures are showing that cleansing, yet because of the intensity of corruption, the fire will totally consume the earth and the wicked, Thorahless inhabitants. Sin is breaking Thorah.


YHWH and Thorah inseparable

Many people feel or have been taught, that they can have a relationship with YHWH and Yahusha` without Thorah; that Thorah is legalism. They do not realize that the relationship with YHWH and Thorah is inseparable. The scripture is quite clear that the man who does not uphold Thorah is a cursed man and a cursed man cannot be in right relationship while he is cursed. HaDebariym 27:26, " 'cursed is the one who does not uphold the words of this thorah to fulfill them.' and all the people will say, "Amen." ' " Mishley [Proverbs] 29:18, " 'without revelation (vision) there is loosening (casting off restraint), the people that observe the thorah are praiseworthy.' " Hoshea 4:6, " 'my people are destroyed for no (nothing) knowledge. you have forgotten knowledge, so I forget you from being a kohen [priest] for me. since you have forgotten the thorah of YHWH, i will also forget your sons.' " What these people have sown in putting the Thorah of YHWH behind their back, they reap in His anger and wrath.

In the beginning of Chabaqquq [Habakkuk], the prophet is crying out to YHWH about the injustices and violence that he has seen, the abundance of the wicked surrounding the righteous. He states in verse 4, "' that is why the thorah is weakened and justice never goes forth. for the wicked hem in the righteous, so that justice comes out twisted.' " When the wicked handle Thorah, it is perverted and distorted, it becomes paralyzed. YeshaYahu 8:20, " 'to the thorah and to the testimony. if they do not speak according to this word, it is because they have no light of dawn.' " These wicked people counsel against the Thorah and as a result, they have no light. They stumble in the darkness and lead others to their dark path. The Thorah is light on the path.


Kohaniym

It was the kohaniym [priests] function to teach the Thorah to the people, to be the guides, the instructors. Instead, they became defiled and perverted the True Thorah, thereby leading others astray. Malakiy [Malachi] 2:6-9, " 'true thorah was in his (Lewiy-Levi) mouth and perversity was not found on his lips. he walked with me in shalom (peace, completeness, wholeness) and straightness and turned many away from iniquity. for the lips of a kohen [priest] should safeguard knowledge and thorah pour forth from his mouth, because he is a malak [messenger] of YHWH tsebaoth. but you have turned from the way, you have caused multitudes to stumble in the thorah, you have corrupted the beriyth [covenant] of the lewiy [Levi],' said YHWH tsebaoth. 'and i therefore will make you repulsive and low before all the people, because you do not observe my ways, and are showing partiality in the thorah.' " Yechezqel [Ezekiel] 22:26, " 'her (yisrael) kohaniym [priests] have done violence to my thorah and they polluted my set apart things. between set apart and common they did not distinguish; between contaminated and purified they did not make known, and they have veiled their eyes from my shabbathoth (plural of shabbath), and i became polluted in the midst of them.' " This is like the blind leading the blind, only the kohaniym had the True Thorah to begin with, they chose to become blind and made the Thorah of no effect and taught the people their perverted version.

Thehillah [Psalm] 119 is an acrostic poem. You cannot see this in the English, but only in the Hebrew. Each group of verses begins with a Hebrew letter of the aleph-bet (alphabet- alpha beta are the first two letters of the Greek alphabet. Aleph bet are the first two letters of the Hebrew alphabet.), in alphabetical order. Within the group of verses of Aleph, every verses first word will begin with the letter aleph, and so on. This acrostic poem is filled with verses about Thorah. I have saved this for last. Since the poem has 176 verses, I have chosen only some of the verses. You should read the poem in its entirety, it is beautiful. It is all about the judgments, laws, commands, ways and Thorah of YHWH.

Thehillah 119, " '1 how happy are those whose way is perfect, who walk in the thorah of YHWH. 7 i will give thanks to you with an upright heart, because of studying your righteous judgments. 11 in my heart i have stored up your word, so that i would not sin against you. 18 remove the veil from my eyes that i may see marvelous things from your thorah. 29 remove from me the way of falsehood, and show me favor through your thorah. 34 give me understanding so that i may cherish your thorah, and observe it with my whole heart. 44 i will always observe your thorah for ever and ever. 51 willful sinners mock me exceedingly, but i do not turn aside from your thorah. 53 rage has seized me because of the wicked who forsake your thorah. 55 In the night, i have remembered your name, YHWH, and i kept your thorah. 61 the cords of the wicked surround me, but i have not forgotten your thorah. 70 their hearts became callused, without feeling; but i have delighted in your thorah. 72 the thorah from your mouth is better to me than thousands of gold and silver pieces. 77 let your mercies come to me, that i may live, for your thorah is my preoccupation. 85 willful sinners dug pits for me, which is not in accordance with your thorah. 92 had your thorah not been my preoccupation, then i would have perished in my affliction. 97 how i love your thorah. all day long it is my conversation. 109 my life is constantly in my hand, but i did not forget your thorah. 113 i hate double minded men, but i love your thorah. 126 it is time for YHWH to act. for they have broken your thorah. 136 streams of water have run down from my eyes, because they did not obey your thorah. 142 your righteousness is an everlasting righteousness, and your thorah is truth. the pursuers of sinful counsel draw near; they are far from your thorah. 153 see my affliction and release me, for i have not forgotten your thorah. 163 i have hated falsehood and abhorred it; your thorah i have loved. 165 abundant shalom [wholeness, completeness, peace] have they who love your thorah, and for them there is no stumbling block. 174 i crave your salvation, YHWH, and your thorah is my preoccupation.' "

From all the Scriptures in the Tanak, it is obvious that you cannot have favor without observing the Thorah of YHWH, His commands, judgments, rules, testimonies, ordinances and ways. The two go hand in hand and you cannot separate either of them from YHWH. It is His favor that He gives to us and it is His Thorah from His mouth. Anyone who does not listen to, observe, keep, obey, safeguard, meditate, do and take delight in the Thorah of YHWH is a cursed man that has turned their back upon YHWH and His ways. Therefore, He does not pour out His understanding of Thorah, nor His favor upon that person, their eyes will be veiled to His word. When a person turns from their sins to YHWH and walks in His ways, observe His Thorah, then favor and understanding are given.

Now, a person might say, ?That is how it may have been in the ?Old Testament?, but now we have the ?New Testament? and that is no longer the case. We now have ?grace?. Yahusha` fulfilled the Thorah and we don?t have to follow it now.? Let us take a look at the Testimony, Letters and Revelations [NT] and see what testimony it gives in this matter.


Testimony of Yahusha`

First, let us take a look at some of the words out of Yahusha`?s own mouth in this matter. This is the teaching that Yahusha` gave to the people on a mountain. MaththiYahu [Matthew] 5:17-20, " 'do not contrive that i came to annul the thorah or the nebiyiym [prophets]. i did not come to annul but to fulfill. for truthfully, i say to you, till the heavens and the earth go away, not one yod (the smallest letter in the aleph bet looking like an apostrophe) or one tag (a crownlet or ornament on a letter. this is not one of the vowel pointings underneath the letters, but the smallest mark above a letter, looks like a stick.) will go away from the thorah till all will be done. for rightly so, all who breaks one of the least of these mitswoth [commands], and teaches this with the sons of men will be called least in the kingdom of YHWH; however, all who accomplishes this and teaches this, he will be called great in the kingdom of YHWH. for I say to you, that unless your righteousness becomes greater still than that which belongs to the soferiym [scribes, teachers] and the farushiym [pharisees], you will not enter into the kingdom of YHWH.' "


Not annulling, but observing

There are several important points in this passage. First and foremost, Yahusha` is saying that He is not annulling the Thorah. That is not what He came for and that is not what is going to happen. He did not say that because of ?grace? that you no longer have to observe Thorah. He does not even mention that after His death, you would not have to observe Thorah. He makes it very clear, we are to keep Thorah. Second, He tells them not to contrive, devise, fabricate, deceive, or invent that He came to annul Thorah. This is one of the biggest deceptions in the ?church?. Further, He says that the smallest letter or the smallest mark will not pass away before the earth and the heavens do. Now in the book of Revelations, the old heavens and the old earth are destroyed because of sin, in chapter 21. This is after Satan is thrown into the lake of fire, and this is after the Judgment. A new heavens and a new earth are formed and then the wedding of the Lamb. So before that time, Yahusha` says that nothing is removed from the Thorah and the Prophets, NOTHING! He goes on to say that anyone who breaks, even the smallest commandment and teaches others to do so, will be called least in the kingdom. He is demanding that the Thorah be observed and not only observed, but you must teach others to observe it as well. Those that don?t will be called least and those that do observe and teach others to do so, will be called great in His kingdom. But, He doesn?t stop there. He states that we have to have a greater righteousness than did the Farushiym [Pharisees] and the Soferiym [scribes and teachers]. These men were considered the most righteous of all men, by men?s standards. We have to become greater. Many of these men?s righteousness were acts to be seen by men. Ours should be of the heart, whether anyone sees us or not. We have to observe the True Thorah. You may think that this is impossible, that those of Yisrael could not do it, how can anyone today. A Hebrew could not do it then, nor could one now, by themselves. Likewise, a Goy [gentile] who became a Ger [convert] could not fulfill all the Thorah then and could not now, by themselves. Of yourself, no one can. But, this is made possible with the ruach YHWH! Remember YirmeYahu [Jeremiah] 31:31? YHWH will place His ruach within us and the ruach will move us to walk in His ways and follow His thorah and fulfill them.

Yahusha` does not abolish or annul His Fathers Word, but shows us and draws us to the True Thorah. The following verses of MaththiYahu 5, Yahusha` goes on to explain that the mitswah [commandment] not to murder is more than just physically obeying, ?do not murder,? it is a matter of the heart and mind, one of ?do not hate?. It is so much easier to not murder, than it is to not hate. This is the True Thorah. Then He goes on to say that the mitswah is not to commit adultery, but the intent of True Thorah is not to lust after a woman. By lusting after a woman, a man has committed adultery in his heart. Again, the physical abstaining from adultery is great, but YHWH wants your heart to also abstain. Everything Yahusha` taught, was to bring the believer to an understanding that you could observe Thorah physically and yet your heart and mind could be Thorahless; you could be born an Ibriy [Hebrew] and yet live like a Goy [Gentile]; you could be circumcised physically and yet not be circumcised in heart; you could be of the physical line of Abraham and yet your father (by the words of your mouth) could be Satan; you could call on the name of YHWH, but your heart be far from Him. The intent of the Thorah is to point the way to YHWH; and Yahusha`, the Thorah made flesh, the Thorah made manifest, did just that. Yahuchanan [John] 5:36-40, " 'but i have testimony weightier than that of yahuchanan [john], for the works that the father gave me to accomplish, the works that i do bear witness of me, that the father has sent me. and the father who sent me, he bore witness of me. you have neither heard his voice at any time, nor seen his form. nor does his word dwell in you, because you do not believe the one he sent. you search the scriptures diligently, because you think that by them you possess eternal life. and these are the scriptures that bear witness of me. yet you refuse to come to me in order to possess life.' "

We see another testimony of Yahusha` stating to obey the words that His Father spoke to us. Yahuchanan 14:23,24, "yahusha` said to him, 'if anyone loves me, he will obey my word. and my father will love him and we will come to him and make our home with him. he who does not love me does not obey my words. and the word which you hear is not mine, but of the father who sent me.' " Remember that the Thorah were the words out of the mouth of YHWH. These are the words that Yahusha` also speaks. He does not have His own teaching, but teaches that which His Father taught - the Thorah.

MaththiYahu [Matthew] 15:1-9, "there came to yahusha` farushiym [pharisees] and soferiym [scribes] from yerushalayim and saying to him, 'why do your thalmiydiym [students] break on masoreth [plural of masorah, meaning traditions, (Tradition of the elders-in the Greek text, the Greek word is paradosis, which means transmission of a precept, specifically the oral Jewish traditional law-oral thorah.)] of the elders (post biblical hebrew word meaning elder, old man, scholar, lit. the bearded one-plural)? for they do not wash their hands when they eat bread.' he answered them saying, 'why do you also break the mitswoth [commands] of YHWH for your masoreth? for YHWH has commanded saying, "honor your father and your mother," and , "he who curses father or mother, let him be put to death." but you have a saying, "everyone who says to a father or a mother, 'qarbaniy [my offerings brought to the altar, devoted to YHWH], is that which you received from me.' " and he does not honor his father or his mother; and you have nullified the word of YHWH for the sake of your masoreth [traditions].' " Yahusha` is saying that the Written Thorah is the highest authority. The traditions that they have upheld should not cause the nullifying of the Written Thorah. Yahusha` totally advocated the Written Thorah.

A man came to Yahusha` and called Him, ?Towb Moreh [Good Teacher].? MaththiYahu [Matthew] 19:17, "and he said to him, 'why do you call me good? no one is good except YHWH haechad [the one]. but if you want to enter into life, observe the mitswoth [plural of mitwah, meaning command].' " Again, MaththiYahu 22:34-40, "but the farushiym [pharisees], having heard that he silenced the tstsadukiym [sadducees], assembled, becoming united, and one of them that knew thorah, asked him and then tested Him, 'moreh, which is the highest mistwah [command] in the thorah?' and yahusha` said to him, 'you will love YHWH with all your heart, and with all your nefesh [breath, being], and with all your strength, and with all your mind. this one mitswah is the highest and the first. and the second is similar to her [the ah ending of words is female, as in mitswah, therefore the pronoun used here is her.], you will love your fellow man as yourself. on these two mitswoth [plural of mitwah-command] depend the thorah and the nebiyiym [prophets].' " Yahusha` is not annulling the rest of the Thorah and the Nebiyiym by this statement. He is simply stating, that if you love YHWH with all of your heart, your breath, your strength and your mind, and love your fellowman as yourself, then you would automatically be keeping all the other mitswoth, in following these two.


Observance by Yahusha`

Yahusha` observed His Fathers commands as well. Let?s take a look at the accounts in the Basoroth [good news] and see what He observed.

· MaththiYahu 3:13, Yahusha` goes through a miqweh in the Yarden [Jordan] river. Yahusha` was not doing this as a cleansing of sins, He had not committed any, because He kept His Fathers commands. But, all new kohaniym [priests], when they reach the age of about thirty, which is the age that Yahusha` was (Luke 3:23), go through a miqweh as they are initiated into the kehunnah [priesthood]. This is to cleanse them before they begin ministering. Shemoth [Exodus] 29:4, Wayyiqra [Leviticus] 8:6.
· MaththiYahu 8:2-4, Yahusha` commanded the leper, that He had just healed, to obey Thorah and go and present himself to the kohaniym [priests] to be inspected. Lk. 5:14. Wayyiqra [Leviticus] 13:1-46.
· MaththiYahu 9:20, He wore tsiytsiyt on the corners of His garment. Mt.14:36, Mk. 6:56, Lk. 8:44. The word in the Greek text is kraspedon, meaning fringe or tassel. This is the same as the Hebrew tsiytsiyt, which is required in BeMidbar [Numbers] 15:38-41 and HaDebariym [Deuteronomy] 22:12.
· MaththiYahu 12:1-12, Observed Shabbath. Commanded in Wayyiqra [Leviticus] 23:3, Shemoth [Exodus] 20:8-11.
· MaththiYahu 26:17, Observed Pesach [Passover], Mk. 14:13,16, Lk. 22:13, YN 2:23. Pesach is one of the feasts that are required as an everlasting ordinance, Shemoth [Exodus] 12:14, HaDebariym [Deuteronomy] 16:1-8, Wayyiqra [Leviticus] 23:4-8.
· MaththiYahu 26:17, Observed Chag HaMatstsoth [Feast of Unleavened Bread]. Commanded in HaDebariym 16:1-8, Wayyiqra 23:4-8.
· Mark 14:62, declared and made known His Fathers Name-YHWH. Lk. 22:69, Yahuchanan [John] 17:6,12,26. Decreed in Shemoth [Exodus 3:15, 9:16, YeshaYahu [Isaiah] 42:8, 52:6, YirmeYahu [Jeremiah] 16:21, 23:6, Yechezqel [Ezekiel] 39:7.
· Yahuchanan [John] 7:2, Observed the Chag HaSukkoth [Feast of Tabernacles]. Commanded in Wayyiqra [Leviticus] 23:33-44, HaDebariym [Deuteronomy] 16:13-15.

During Yahusha`?s trial before the Kohaniym [priests], Soferiym [scribes] and the elders of the Yahudiym [Jews], they tried to find a witness against Yahusha` to His breaking Thorah, so they could put Him to death, Mark 14:55. It goes on to say in verse 56, "for many bore false witness against him, but their evidences did not agree." They could find no witnesses to prove that He had broken Thorah, since He had not, so they brought in false witnesses, which didn?t work either. What they ended up condemning Him for was for blasphemy, by their standards, for speaking His Father?s Name - the name of YHWH. But that did not break Thorah, the teaching of His Father. It broke the Masorah - the Tradition of the Elders.


Talmud

The Tradition of the Elders, also known as the Oral Thorah, was first compiled and written down about 200 C.E. (A.D.) and called the Mishnah. It is basically commentary on the Tanak. Later a section called the Gemarah, which is commentary on the commentary, was written and added to the Mishnah. The whole of it came to be called the Talmud, Oral Thorah. There were and are many sects in Judaism with their own beliefs. All hold to the Written Thorah, but some did not and do not accept the Oral Thorah as the Word of YHWH, but rather view it commentary by the Farushiym [Pharisees]. See the study on the Sects of the Yahudiym [Jews], for more information. In this case, the Elders halachah concerning the Ban on the Name of YHWH, was against the very word of YHWH - to proclaim His Name. Therefore, Yahusha` was not guilty of breaking Thorah, rather, He upheld it.


Trial of Yahusha`

It is interesting that the Kohaniym [priests], Soferiym [scribes], Farushiym [Pharisees], Tstsadukiym [Sadducees] and the elders broke their own laws in their trial against Yahusha`. Jewish criminal law and procedure does not allow a trial to be held in the Kohen Gadol?s [High Priest?s] palace. That a case such as this one, could only be held at the Sanhedrin?s regular meeting place. Yet in MaththiYahu [Matthew] 26:57,58, as well as Mark 14:54 and Yahuchanan [John] 18:15, it states that Yahusha` was taken to Qayafa [Caiaphas] the Kohen Gadol [High Priest] and Kepha [Peter] was in the Kohen Gadols courtyard. Luke 22:54,55 says that they led Yahusha` to the house of the Kohen Gadol and Kefa sat in the courtyard.

The next law they broke was that of the hours for such a trial. Such a trial is to be tried during regular court hours, which were from the ending of the morning service, till the time of the meal. Any trial that involved a man?s life must be held in full daylight. No trial could begin in the afternoon and definitely not at night. If a trial was held in the morning, discussions could be allowed to go on all day and sentence pronounced in the evening. But to pronounce a sentence in the evening risked an appeal. MaththiYahu 26:20, states that when evening came Yahusha` sat with the twelve. Now, they go through a meal, He takes them to the Mount of Olives, three of them (Yaaqob [James], Yahuchanan [John] and Kefa [Peter] are taken a little further to pray with Him and He goes even a little futher to pray by Himself. This is when He is arrested. This is well into night, even the 3 thalmiydiym have fallen asleep. Mark 14:17- states this also. Luke and Yahuchanan [John] mention things like lanterns and fires in the courtyard. Now, it is common for roosters to crow, just before dawn. This is what took place just after Kefa [Peter] denied Yahusha` the third time. Then, all the books of Testimony say, that Yahusha` was taken to Pilate, when it was morning. The trial was clearly in the night and not during normal court hours.

Next, you cannot have a trial on Shabbath or Feast days or on the Eves of Shabbethoth or Feast days. Now the Hebrew day begins at evening and ends the next evening. Since the evening had already begun the next day, they were into the Day of Preparation before the Chag Pesach [Passover Feast]. This is why the Jewish leaders would not enter Pilates palace, so they would not be considered unclean and therefore not able to participate in the Pesach (Yahuchanan [John] 18:28). This is also why Yahusha`?s thalmiydiym took down His body. They did not want to leave it up, on the execution stake, on the Shabbath of the Pesach (Yahuchanan 19:42, Luke 23:54, Mark 15:42, MaththiYahu 27:62. A Shabbath is a day of rest on the 7th day of the week. You also have Shabbethoth that occur on a Feast Day or the first and last days of the two week long Feasts, of the Chag HaMatstsoth [Feast of Unleavened Bread] and the Chag HaSukkoth [Feast of Tabernacles]. These Shabbethoth are called High Shabbethoth. This was a High Shabbath for the Chag Pesach [Feast of Passover], on which Yahusha` was tried and executed. This obviously broke the laws of the Jewish leaders.

All the time that the Jewish religious leaders are trying to trip up, trick and catch Yahusha`, in some way of breaking Thorah, they are breaking numerous mitswoth of YHWH and even their own laws. They, the Thorahbreakers, tried and executed an innocent man who upheld Thorah because of their jealousy, pride and arrogance. By Yahusha`?s teaching and example, He upheld Written Thorah. Since we are to live as He did and teach what He taught, we must therefore observe, with all out hearts and minds, Written Thorah. You cannot do this without the ruach YHWH, which YHWH gave to His Son and His Son, Yahusha`, gave to His thalmiydiym [student, disciple]. To be a thalmiyd of Yahusha`, you must follow His ways, which are His Father?s ways. YHWH is the same yesterday, today and tomorrow. Yahusha` is also the same yesterday, today and tomorrow. They do not change. The True Thorah that YHWH spoke from His mouth, is what He gave to us, to teach us of Him, to draw us to Him. YHWH gave Yahusha`, the True Thorah, to us, to teach us of Him, to point the way to Him, which Yahusha` did. That we would turn and return to the ways of YHWH.

I have not included any of the quotes from the rest of the ?NT?, because some of the Letters from Shaul [Paul] are in contention as to what he is saying. Many believe that he is teaching Thorahlessness. He is not. Part of the problem in understanding the Letters, is the Greek text that the Church chose to use as the base text. There are almost 28,000 Greek manuscripts and fragments of manuscripts that make up the Testimony, Letters and Revelations, and no two of them are identical. Another problem was the corruption of the teachings and letters of Shaul by Marcion, around 140 CE.

I believe the truth is in the earlier accounts of what is called the Good News of the Mixed, Evangelion da-Mechallete (in the Greek ? the Diatessaron). Since, Aramaic and Hebrew, are in the same Semitic family, using the same alefbeth, many of the words are the same, as well as language, style and thought patterns. This is the text that many of the Believers of Yahusha` have been using in the Middle East and the East, since Yahusha`?s execution and resurrection. All of the Testimony verses that I have used in this study, have come from this Aramaic Peshitta. There are differences between the Greek and the Aramaic/Hebrew. Some words do not adequately translate, yet the semiticisms of the Peshitta do reflect more closely those of the Tanak. Since it will take a study of it?s own, to address these other verses on the subject of Thorah versus Favor, I am concluding this one, as being sufficient to stand on it?s own. After all, even if Shaul were making statements contrary to that of Yahusha`'s, the Word of YHWH, Yahusha`?s backing of the Thorah are our Authority, not Shaul. But as you hear what Shaul has to say from the Hebrew perspective and as you read a correct interpretation of his words, you will see that he did not advocate Thorahlessness, but rather upheld it and observed it, also.

I would like to conclude this study with the words, which Yahusha` quoted to HaSatan, at the first temptation in the wilderness, MaththiYahu [Matthew] 4:4, " 'it has been written, "man will not live by bread alone, but by every word that comes from the mouth of YHWH." ' "